Basic Equine Nutrition

Fundamental horse nutrition

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Requirements for horse proteins - Kentucky Equine Research

Horsemen want to feed their ponies properly, but they may be puzzled as to how best to cover the proteins needs of individuals of different degrees of workload or age. Whilst each and every equine must be regarded as an individuum, these basic rules can help to solve many problems.

What amount of proteins does a horses need? The amount of proteins a horses needs depends on its level of maturity and work load. A few general suggestions are given below (please be aware that these dosages are only intended to illustrate the need for proteins but probably do not cover the need for other nutrients).

For a ripe equine (average of 1100 pounds), about 1. 4 lbs of proteins per days are needed for service, early gestation or care. As a rule, the horses absorb at least as much egg white by pasturing or feeding on grass-lew ( "dry mass intake" of about 22 pounds). Ripe horses that do moderately to hard work need about 2 to 2. 15 lbs of proteins per days.

A farmer could give 22 lbs of gras or hey and 2 to 4 lbs of enriched food to cover the need for supplement. When a brood mare is in maternity, she needs high-quality proteins to develop placenta and foetal tissues. Fodder with a modest lucerne content can deliver this profile, but borderline broodmares profit from the administration of 2 to 4 lbs of concentrated 13 to 16 per cent lucerne.

One brood mare needs about 2.75 lbs of proteins per diem in the first three month of gestation. In addition to her favourite food - either grasses or meadows - she may need up to 7 lbs of enriched fodder to maintain that much of her nutrition. In brood mares in delayed-lactation ( "after three months") the need for proteins is lower.

Weaners of 550 lbs. need about 1.6 lbs. of proteins. As these younger animals are less likely to consume gras or hey, the amount of corn can be raised to 7 lbs per daily. Younglings that weigh 850 lbs are eating more sod or hay and need about 4. 5 lbs of concentrated to get 1. 75 lbs per diem proteinaceous inlet.

In order to cover the proteinaceous needs of young trained ponies, the owner may need to add up to 7 lbs of concentrated and 14 lbs of hey to supply the 2 lbs of the necessary diet. Which is understood by high-quality or inferior proteins? They all need proteins, but not all proteins are the same.

Proteins consist of various fatty acid residues, some of which can be synthesised in the horse's system. High-grade proteins provide the right ratio of vitality. It' s possible that a cow eats enough inferior food to cover its raw material needs and still not be fed well.

What makes proteins so important for youngsters? The most important fatty aminos to be supplied in horse doses are lyin, methhionine and treonine. The diet of young ponies must contain enough amounts of lizine to promote the horse's economic and developmental state. Like the soya flour contained in some concentrate, the horse's breast fat is a valuable resource for the production of Lysin.

Pulses such as lucerne also supply considerable quantities of this important nutritive substance, while weeds and most cereals contain a lower proportion of this important one. Older horse need proteins? Grown-ups only need proteins for the reparation and care of the tissue, so that their overall need is relatively low. A lot of ripe dressage stallions get all the proteins they need (on board about 10% of the food) from either gras or hey.

However, if the results show that the amount of proteins is below 10%, a simple way to increase your albumen intake is to add a little lucerne together with or instead of inferior feed. Highly trained ponies have a somewhat higher demand for proteins than nursing ponies, and the demand for proteins is highest in the case of mares with delayed breeding and in the first three month of breeding.

Even if these ponies need additional power, the inclusion of concentrate can improve their absorption of power and proteins. Do you have a low-calorie way of supplying obese ponies with proteins? A lot of individuals are confronted with the challenge of providing simple owners with good nutrition while at the same time avoiding excess bodybuilding.

It may be hard to administer this formula to an unbroken brood mare who needs the nutrition in a concentrated form but tends to put on a little bit. They are formulated to provide proteins, vitamins and mineral sources without significantly boosting calorie consumption. Containing between 14% and over 30% of proteins, these food additives are supplied in small amounts to strengthen the horse's nutrition without producing excess energy.

You have several ways to cover the proteins needs of a horsehorse by choosing from the different kinds of food and the great diversity of available feeds. In order to guarantee the right amount of proteins and calories in your horse's nutrition, start with high-quality food and, if necessary, add a counterbalanced extract that is adapted to the kind of horses you use.

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