Bridle Bitsnaffle bit
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Bits story, development of the two bridles
Coach Gerhard Politz shows you how to use the bridle in the August 2008 edition of Dressage Today mag. Some of the early recordings of pieces of metal used with a bridle date back to around the Bronze and Iron Ages between the fourteenth and eighteenth century BC.
Before, and at the same time used by more basic trunks than the Luristans, bridles were made of various material such as horns, bones, woods, tendons, rawhides and ropes. It' s amazing that the metallic bit found in Luristan are in theory very similar to the bit used today.
Measured by the width of the mouthpiece (approx. 5 to 6 inches) the horse must have had quite large and rough minds, especially since the mean horse height was about 14. They were saddleless and therefore their horsemen must have had an excellent equilibrium to manoeuvre in combat.
Basreliefs and pictures of horseback and chariots in graves and shrines in Assyria and Egypt show that the same kinds of bridle and bit have been used for many hundreds of years. Xenophon's works, a Grecian general who struggled in many battles, especially against the Persians, showed that around 440 B.C. a higher level of equestrianism developed. Xenophon was not only a great rider in his own right - his equestrian art is the foundation of contemporary classic equitation - he was also an admirable of Persian knowledge of the horse and the education of its cavalry. However, he was not only a great rider in his own right.
In addition to a higher level of riding skills, the bridle parts have also been improved and modified. Meanwhile, the mean size of the Central European reared horse has risen significantly. The bridles now had high port and very long shafts, which were without kerbstone necklaces in the beginning. It'?s not clear when kerb lanyards were put in place.
As a result of these competitions - and out of the wish to perform before the women - the art of riding slowly evolved to a higher standard in the late Middle Ages (after 1400 AD). As a result, the standard of riding in Western Europe was generally rather low. In 1453, with the downfall of Constantinople (Istanbul), a circus and cartoon rider escaped from the Middle East to Italy and moved near the city of Naples.
They were the inspirations for a riding academy there, of which Federico Grisone became one of the most famous representatives 100 years later. Naples as it became known has taken the art of riding to an unprecedented European high. They have been trained in air above the floor and many other moves, including flight changes.
Naples has become the birthplace of horse trekking. They were very well educated, very delicate and also extremly costly. Poorly educated ponies were just as good and more expendable. Even though the Naples schools and their students had the call to use rather gruesome teaching techniques, their fully qualified ponies were in demand at all European farms.
To hold the horse easily in their hands, they used bit which were real torturing tools. Its long legs reminded of the medieval bit, but with metallic necklaces and a multitude of more or less heavy mouths. In the age of reason (18th century) there was a significant shift in the way how the horse was educated.
Anthoine de Pluvinel in his work Le Man? ge Royal (1623) and Fran? op Robichon de la Gueriniere in his work Ecole de Cavalerie (1733) argued against the method favoured by the Naples Method. Their plea was for a much more humanitarian education and they strove to build faith in the equine in order to win his faith and collaboration and to reconnect with the ideals of Xenophon two thousand years ago.
Of course, these beautifully educated ponies also deserve qualified horsemen. Horsemaster were not only school ponies at that age, but also concentrated on the development of outstanding horsemen. Based on reports from this period, young ponies were for the first training in a bridle bit. They were only rode in "normal" bridles when their education had progressed further.
The bridle was a kerb bit that still had very long legs and a kerb necklace, but the mouths were much smoother than those of the Naples schools. A few figures show that a second reins was placed at the same height as the dentures. Also, the dressage stallions were trained with a "Cavecon" to maintain the sensibility of the muzzle.
However, at this point in history, the bridle bridge was not used in conjunction with the bridle insert. In addition to the various Asian steppe nomads, who were dependent on equine life as an inherent part of their daily life, equestrianism and the culture of true equestrianism have always been the prerogative of the rich and aristocracy.
In the Renaissance and the age of reason in particular, the special categories of riders, educated by professionals and their aides, ridden for fun and relaxation. Few nobles, such as the Duke of Newcastle, had the know-how, skills and ambitions to educate them. Not only did the simple man have to know how to horseback riding, but also how to exercise him.
That was the beginning of the Campagne School, a stage of education that concentrated on the education of a general-purpose equine suited to the needs of the war. They had to educate young L -class youngsters ( "2nd class"), cross-country and show-jumpers. This work was done in the bridle to make sure that a medium sized horseman would do as little harm as possible to the horse's jaw.
Once the demands of the Campagne School had been successfully met by both horse and horseman, the horse was permitted to be rode in the full bridle - also known as the twin bridle - which was made up of a bridle bit and a bit on a bar. There were several benefits to the twin bridle. You can use the bridle or kerb either individually or in combinations.
As a rule, the bridle bit for the full bridle had a sole hinge and was slightly smaller than the shoulder bridle. It was a solitary rod, usually with an opening to hold the reed. She had a kerb necklace and relatively small legs. As it was not possible to train for many years to become demanding horsemen, the dual bridle served its function very well.
While all lower echelons of the Campagne had to dominate the Campagne academy, the senior echelons of dressing-and of course high school-were still a privileged position for the officer. He has since been practicing and instructing at the Flintridgeiding Club near Pasadena, California. He and his colleagues educated all kinds of horse up to the Grand Prix at his educational centre in Germany near Stuttgart and educated trainees to become certificated riders.
For a full debate on the use of the twin bridle, see Gerhard's paper in the August 2008 edition of Dressage Today.