Concentrated Horse FeedConcentrate feed for horses
Horse diet concentrate
Horse feed is divided into three categories: feed (such as straw and grass), concentrates (including cereals or palletised rations) and food additives (such as cooked vitamins or minerals). In principle, any wholemeal, formula feed (sweet or granulated feed) or other food additives that do not contain vitamins or minerals are called concentrates.
It is important that the horse should be able to get what it needs to maintain from a food of good feeds. Therefore, concentrates should only be taken into consideration if certain nutritional substances are lacking in the feed to satisfy the needs of the horse. Generally, a ripe horse does not need the power provided by concentrated feed, unless the horse is used for more than easy work, in producing, such as a broodmaster, or when the horse is growthing.
It is important that horse owner understanding the importance of a balance where the right amount and ratio of mineral, vitamin, protein, fat, carbohydrate, etc. is important. are retained for the right grow and care. All too often the horse is overfed rather than malnourished. Sad if I ring like a fractured note, but concentrated food should be supplied at as low a nutritional intake as possible, which accounts for the bulk of horse nutrition.
In the case of a horse with a need that goes beyond care, too, concentrate should make up less than 50 percent of the food, whereby a concentrate content of 20 - 30 percent is desired. That would mean that a 1000 pound ripe horse in easy work that would be fed with 2% of its own bodily mass or 20 pounds of feed per diem would get about 14-16 pounds of grass and 4 - 6 pounds of concentrate.
As you can see in the table, different feeds have different densities of energie, so the amount of feed additive should reflect the total DE value of the total nutrition. Concentrated is absorbed in the horse digestive system. Here the degradation and the intake of the corn content of the food take place.
In the case of concentrated products, the acidic medium of the gastress aids the early decomposition, but there is little or no uptake in the belly. The concentration falls into the lower part of the gastrum, where the protein and fat are decreased by the juice. It is important to have a gradual passing of the concentrated food to allow good gastrointestinal uptake.
When the concentrate penetrates too quickly and enters the hindgut (large & small colon and cecum), the pH in the intestine becomes more acid, which kills off germs and may cause colics or hoof deer. Smaller, more common servings of concentrate help in this procedure. Formerly, concentrated products were usually the COB formulas, corn, oats and barley.
However, over the last 20 years, horse feeding research has found that this mixture contains too much strength and non-structural carbohydrate for most people. Moreover, the vitamins and minerals in this joint feed mixture were not compensated for taking into account the different needs of the horse. There is a broad palette of commercial horse concentrate available in today's feed markets.
They have been developed specifically for different horse needs, from increasing supplies for youngsters with higher levels of proteins to high-fat supplies for those who need extra energy to keep their bodies in good shape. A lot of horse breeders still assemble their own diet by adding different formulations with a diet balancing agent for the enrichment of proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Warning about this practise, extra food additives added to the food may disturb the correct dietary counterbalance and may not supply the appropriate nutrition for the horse's needs. It' important that all horse owner know the nutrition needs of their horse.
When formulating a feed portion, always start by measuring the feed grade and the feed amount and, if necessary, provide a balance of concentrate. Equilibrating rationing can be a rather complicated procedure for a horse with a "job" that allows it to live on a pure feed-rate.
Specialists and commercially owned feed firms that counterbalance the rationing on the basis of the research-proven nutritional needs of horses and use sophisticated rationing tools that do the guesswork of the horse owners. That makes it easier for the horse owners to choose a suitable horse for their needs, as long as they comply with the label's instructions.
When feeding a concentrate with less than the suggested quantities, a vitamin/mineral additive must be added as these foods are designed to provide the horse with the right nutrition. Over and over again I am told that an owners feed" only a handful" of cereals.
Whereas an older horse with tooth problems can deal better with a pellet concentrate that can be softened. Nevertheless, the horse with metabolism problems would still profit from a concentrate on the basis of turnip chips, which has a low NSC value. Heck, more, a trip to a feed shop is like the grain corridor of a grocer' s; something for everyone!
For more information on whether your horse needs a concentrated feed in its diet or which ones to feed, please ask your feed dealer or make an appointment with the nerd.