Copra Horse FeedKopra horse feed
Use of copra in horse feeds
Byproducts of the petroleum industries are often used in feed and are often nutritional supplements. Kopra is a by-product of coir fuel produced from the dry pulp of pure coconuts ( "white flesh", not the black skin). Copra is often coloured brown because of its workmanship, not the light whiteness of the purchased chocolate chips.
There is a wealth of copra for use in feed with the increase in human intake of human use. Kopra is hardly ever a major component of horse feed and is mainly used in areas where it is cultivated and worked up or where it is readily available.
Recently, the American horse feed markets contain feed with copra. In some cases it is little more than pelletized copra without enrichment, others are counterbalanced copra containing a secondary component. Kopra has a relatively high level of proteins, but is not of the same grade as soy flour.
The copra compensates to a certain degree for the lack of a certain amount of material being used. Approximately 40% of the proteins are bonded in the fiber fractions of the copra, which reduces bio-availability. Kopra does not contain a counterbalanced supplement of vital chain proteins, as it is relatively low in the amount of Lysin, the vital chain proteins for the development and maintenance of the body's immunity system.
When copra is used as a main ingredient in the food for young, vigorous equine growth, a supplement of either extra amounts of either of the following should be considered: either of the following. Horsemen who use copra flour or coir nut oils in their horse's nutrition usually do this to boost the intake of fats and thus the calorie densities of the feed.
The Copra product is designed to help horse owner to keep their horse in shape and to create a glossy fur. At about 8% of the total dietary fibre, the risks of rancidity would be high unless the nature of the dietary fibre in copra (short- and medium-chain saturates) is less prone than poly-unsaturated lipids.
It is not advisable to feed copra after long periods of storing because of becoming rank. However, if the food is in any way repellent, it will not be eaten by the horse as its sensibility to rancid fats is very high and rejection is almost certain. Recently there has been a particular interest in copra as a feed additive because of its low non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) level, which makes it appropriate for equines with metabolism problems that have difficulties dealing with starches and sugars, such as equines with diabetes tolerance, equal metabolism syndromes (EMS) or poly-saccharide memory myopathies (PSSM).
Utilized with discretion, copra can supplement the horse with additional carbohydrates without having an effect on the horse's glycaemic reaction. Although copra may appear to be the ideal low-glycemic feed, copra has one disadvantage. Because of the high level of fats, the amount of caloric intake increases considerably, and the horse on copra tends to overweight.
Besides a low NSC-concentration, the material is rich in fibres. Therefore, the fibre fractions of copra would have a similar amount of fibre to weed, but the higher amount of fats makes the whole protein richer in calories. Estimates of the actually indigestible caloric value of copra are in the same caloric region as sugar shavings or soya shells.
Fats and fibres diets are well suited for those who have metabolic challenges or are not engaged in a challenging job, but many top performers may need more NSC in their diets to get enough power to work. The addition of starches in the shape of a concentrated product (e.g. a sweetened feed) or grain to increase the caloric value would solve this issue.
Many of these problems are compensated for in a partially copra concentrat. Since copra is usually a single powders, it is hard to get a horse to eat large quantities of it. Pelletizing the copra increases the absorption of the result. It is a good dietary supplement when added to a sweetened feed or turnip chips mixture.
Kopra has been held responsible for impactic colics and other gastro-intestinal complaints, but this has mostly been ascribed to the ingestion of copra without sufficient amounts of hydro. If it is used as a food, it is best to steep copra before feeding or at least drink copra with one part of it.
Most or all of the commercially available feed, which is copra, can be supplied without food, but access to fresh feed is critical. When you find a diet containing copra flour as a basis, you may be faced with some problems that depend on the feed's enrichment. Firstly, copra tends to contain a lot of phosphorous and littlecium, and this mismatch can be a concern if it is supplied in large quantities.
Kalcium to phosphor can be as high as 0.25:1, and Kentucky Equine Research nutritional scientists normally suggest a 1:1 to 5:1 relationship for mature mountaine. Should you feed Grasheu, which at least 0. 45% of calcium or good lucerne hey at 1. 5% of the horse's total horse-bodyweight with less than five lbs of copra-based feed, the inequality could be remedied.
It is a particularly important factor in the nutrition of youngsters. Secondly, the feed may have an unbalance between the two that cannot be corrected by the use of straw. Several copra flours may be abundant in cupric, but on the other hand they may be medium in zink. Between 3:1 and 5:1 zinc-copper ratios are perfect, but some copra can have a 2:1 relationship.
As with the calcium-phosphorus relation, the corresponding zinc-copper relation is also decisive for the growth of youngsters. If you choose to use a food with a copra flour basis, have the vitamins and minerals for the overall nutrition checked by a horse nourisher to make sure that your horse is getting enough of them.
The right enrichment of Vitaminen and mineral materials provides for health and well-being.