English Riding ShoesRiding shoes in English
Progress in horseshoe technology and new shoe designs give a new lease of life to the equine world. Owners can take the animal out of work and await the broken sides of the foot to emerge, in hopes that the hoofs will become thicker in a few heels.
However, today, says Adam Whitehead of Advanced Equine Podiatry in Ocala, Florida, "technology has made it possible to resolve such issues and keep them up. "Adam fitted this sweater with glued-on shoes in the front and shock-absorbing enema cushions on all four legs, and the steed didn't have to miss a show.
This paper describes five trends that are altering the way horse shoeing, especially those with foot conditions and permanent crippling. In addition to Adam, former blacksmith at the University of Florida and now in personal work, you will be hearing from Pat Reilly, Principal of the Blacksmith and Principal of the Applied Polymer Research Laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center, and Dave Farley of Coshocton, Ohio, and Wellington, Florida, a former chairman of the American Association of Professional Forriers.
Chances are good that your stallion, like most of them, will run in studded metallic shoes. "This is how they' been shoeing ponies for 400 years," says Pat. "This works well for many ponies and has many advantages, but also some disadvantages. "For example, a nail can damage the capsules of the hooves, and a foot in a studded metallic boot will not carry or stretch under load the way it is barefooted.
In order to remedy these disadvantages and help the horse with health problems, the blacksmiths use new material and design. The blacksmith attaches the boot by saturating the cloth sleeve with an acryl sealant and then applying the sleeve to the outside of the heel. The quick-cleansing urethanes have made it possible to stick shoes directly to the floor surfaces of the hooves.
"One can take an aluminium boot, churn it with glue and put it on the foot," says Pat. Aluminium shoes are used because the glue adheres better to metals than to steels. However, the area of the hooves must be thoroughly cleansed and dryed to ensure good adhesion. Directly bonded metallic shoes are usually used as a transitional treatment, e.g. to keep a horses at work while a damaged farrier can outgrow.
Since the shoes are attached to the bottom of the boot up to the heel, they restrict the hoof's capacity to stretch at the neighborhoods and the heel when the hooves are strained. "Hooves still move in a directly bonded aluminium boot, but not as much as in a pinned shoe," says Pat.
While this may not cause any problem with some shoe fitting intervals, if the rider remains in directly bonded metallic shoes for a long time, it can cause contracting heel and other difficulties. Acryl and urea glues are also used to treat toes, quarters and similar lesions of the faroos.
"But I see fewer bolts and wires," says Dave, who has been shodding a horse for almost 50 years. The reconstruction is so severe that a normal boot can often be pinned on. The Polyflex boot is a favourite and is made of polyurethan with a steel inlay that allows the boot to fit to the feet like an aluminium heel.
Hufschmied Curtis Burns from Wellington, Florida, first designed these shoes as an alternate to aluminium raceplates to minimize shock and allow for more naturally extended heel length in racers. "They are very popular with huntsmen, show jumping riders and youngsters, although they are used less in eventing," says Dave.
"These shoes offer slightly more versatility than metallic shoes and because they are made to be stuck on, they are particularly suitable for those with low foot surfaces that do not keep their shoes on. "When used as a bonding agent, they allow the panels and paragraphs to stretch more strongly under load than metallic shoes.
Novel material and design have transformed our shields from basic protection barrier to superior mufflers. Manufactured from a multitude of polymeric gel, foam, honeycomb and rubber-like elastomer, these high-tech cushions are particularly suitable for the horse with pain. Designed by Ric Redden, DVM, to help the horse recover from laminitis.
Rigidity of crumbly silicon is increased with the strength exerted on it, so that it becomes stronger and more pressure-resistant when the galloping or jumping, but softer when the horses hang out straight. With a toe boot (low shoe), this rigid plastics pads is attached in a cutout at the front.
Rear half of the pads, not pinned or stuck to the hooves, support the frogs, neighbourhoods and rods. "It' useful for ponies with chronical calcaneal pains or undershot heels," says Dave. "A pointe boot and flip-flop pads make the horse's feet look more natural than if the animal were barefooted, while at the same time preserving the feet.
As a result, it promotes heel development and eventually enhances the equilibrium of the hooves. Dave says they still work well for most ponies, and today's upholstery is better and more durable in terms of fabric qualities than those of the past. "The first big changes were made with the introduction of footwear during the U.S. Civil War.
Before, each boot was handforged individually," he says. Machined shoes and pins are still the most commonly used objects on every blacksmith, but even these fundamentals are evolving. "â??We can buy shoes in any styles and sizes, as well as shoes in different shapes and sizes for the forefeet and back feet,â? says Adam.
Shoes still need to be adjusted to the horses own foot, but the blacksmith is able to achieve a better fitting with less work. "Producers produce better looking and better looking fingernails and pins designed for use with certain footwear," says Dave. Since about a year Dave's been using it in a process.
He explained that copper-coated fingernails can help prevent infection in the case of nailing (if the fingernail hinders the delicate live tissue of the hoof). A lot has happened for the blacksmith, Dave added. Since then Dave has ranked information technologies as the No. 1 in the industry. The Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization has broken new grounds in 2013 by using a 3D printing device to manufacture a customized kit of superlight weight titan shoes for a race horse.
This same group later used to print individual shoes for a horses that recovered from founder. Meanwhile, other scientists are studying new footwear fabrics, among them fiber-reinforced pottery and nitinol, a nickel-titanium compound with mnemonic elasticity that yields under load and then reverts back to its initial state. So will the Shoer's van drive to your shed with a 3D-printing machine or a shelf of slicks?
"Do you think the shoes help the horses? a South Boston company to create a pressure-sensitive, electrically conducting diaphragm that can be clamped between the foot and boot. As Pat says: "There are so many varieties in farriers' practice, foundations and foot development that we cannot really say: "This boot will help every one.
All we can say is, "This boot has been helping this horse."