English Western SaddleBritish western saddle
Recently, as the general demography of horsemen has shifted to predominantly female horsemen, sex-specific thinking has been included in the saddle building mixture for the English and Western sports as well. Western-style drivers were willing to pay some extra to get the look right, with trendy seats with nice tools and silvery accessories.
A saddle's fundamental shape or styling can vary greatly in terms of fit, forks, swelling, horns, cape and skirts, according to the particular sport for which it is made. This can all be changed with your own disciplines. Westernsaddles are categorised according to forkstyle, purpose, treetype, breedstype, materialtype and manufacturingtechnic.
Let's look at some of the most common kinds of Western saddles by purpose. Blade calipers are meant for horsemen who want to cut off a particular beast from the flock. Offering a shallow fit and broad swelling, it helps the driver remain in the centre. They are not too safe seats, but are conceived in such a way that the equestrian remains in balance during start, stop and cornering and avoids the saddle.
Rope calipers are conceived for challenging use and maximal mobility for the horseman. This saddle must have a sturdy treed body and a sturdy bugle, with a lower inclination for an easy finish. The saddle is intended for running riders to run at full pace - the coat is higher, the flange is slimmer and longer (easier to hold), and the swelling and coat are constructed to bring the horse into a riding posture so that it will sit safely when the horse comes out of the goal and has to turn at full pace.
The saddle also has broader slits and larger breakouts on the poles to allow the horses to move around and forward sloping straps to hold the saddle in place by supporting the leg. As women also make up the vast bulk of runners, these calipers are often very conspicuous with strong colors and fabrics.
Saddle cleaning involves lower inclination and swelling and the saddle is designed so that the saddle allows the saddle user to move further back to avoid the saddle. Riding a pureing saddle gives the horseman the tight fit necessary to give the horseman subtile orders for the painstaking pattern of turns, gyrations and glidestrokes.
The floor sit, pulpit, swelling and the skirt are conceived in such a way for the relatively newer type of Western dressage sports that the horseman lies more forward and above the center of gravity on the horse's back. Motion in this disciplinary field is somewhat different from that in any other western one.
Horses heads are very low mounted so that their backs come up - which means that a different cut is needed than a Western saddle in any other sport. Historically, Western riders have concentrated more on the adaptation of the saddle to the needs of the individual horseman, as only restricted adaptation to the individual was possible.
Most of the Western horse varieties were Quarter Horse, which were kept relatively clean in their breedings. The adaptation of the western saddle is now more complex as many more races are rode in the different events. Also the possibilities for the horse in the western saddle have risen in the last years.
The length of the rod; rotation of the rod (this is a different concept from English saddles). The Schleese Saddlery has come a long way towards this individualisation, offering divided poles and divided floor seating so that both men and women can use the same saddle, as well as adaptability to different arrangements of horses.
The English saddle has many more variable combination, some of which are built on the same parameter as the Western saddle, but with different classifications. This includes saddle sizes, key length and positions, tilt height/seat deepness, number and length of billets, bracket rail positions and lengths, and sex adjustment, to name but a few. In recent years, the all-purpose saddle has become less liked because those who are serious about sports tend to choose the right saddle for their particular event.
The GP used to have two major variants - one better for show jumpers, the other better for advanced riders, and both were produced in one of the following categories: A beginner who is unsure which sport to focus on; the horseman who only wanted to buy a single saddle that could do more or less everything.
Versatility (Cross-Country) and jumpers' saddles are once again adapted differently. Even though the preferred choice for these two types of sport seems to be tight-fitting seats, many horsemen are inclined to place their seats a little too far forward over and on the shoulders, which interferes with motion at the shoulders and makes it necessary to have several cushions that help to lift the coat up again to put the saddle in a flat posture.
This saddle consists of a robust bugle and a boom and a lower coat for an easy exit. Perseverance calipers are also adapted differently, because perseverance ponies are usually permitted to move naturally with their necks high to see where they go. The back is down when the top of the horse's neck is high, and the saddle must be adjusted differently than in training, where the top is lower and the back higher.
Even the muscular definitions of perseverance horse are totally different in comparison to training horse, with just as big a difference as between thoroughbred race horse and perseverance horse. In the same way that humans usually make more of a difference to long-distance athletes, so do horse riders in similar events, and the saddle must take these variations into account.
Race calipers are mounted differently, because the yockey is not sitting in the saddle and most of the times in the hangers. Classic training is mostly done on bareback ed horses, but bareback edged riding is a little different from general riding due to the fact that bareback edged riding uses its muscle differently from contemporary riding when it goes beyond simple gaits such as saga, passages and gallop pirouettes like Kapriole, levade and courtsette.
It is the foundation for all other events - the French term Dressur means "training" - which is why the smallest difference in posture and equilibrium can impair your performances. In the same way that dance is recognised as a requirement for all dance, every horseman in every English event does (or should) train well.
Just as it is indispensable to wear the right kind of boots when dancing, the right saddle fitting is very important, which is why the saddle is cared for frequently, especially in training. Dressors' saddles are probably the most sought-after ones for periodic fitting in order to obtain a good fitting, and the care of this fitting is similar to the stall stoppages of a racing vehicle - continuous periodic setting, servicing and optimization may be necessary to maintain optimal riding performances.
One of the most important similarities between western and English tacks, regardless of the sport, is that the saddle has to spread the saddle and rider's weights over a large supporting area ( the panels) without exerting excessive force on very delicate areas. A saddle must line up the horse's thoracic backbone with the rider's thoracic backbone so that both can move in perfect alignment to achieve the objective the competitor has in his selected sport.