Equine Horse Feedhorse feed
Horse sportsman's feed
Working ponies have very different dietary needs than idle ponies. But it is the degree of exercise that decides how our top performers are best fed. The horse has four levels of activity: easy, medium, difficult and very difficult. Slightly active mounts are those used for activities such as trails and fun drives, where the work is mainly done on the stroll.
As a rule, these ponies work 1-3 hrs per weeks. The ones who are in moderation are trained in an educational programme and those used for regular performances, but in less demanding events. As a rule, these ponies work 3-5 hrs per weeks. If you look at the very hard work class, you see a horse that works 4-5 hrs per weeks, but goes through demanding pace or jump work during its workout - pole ponies and those that train in the lower to middle performance range.
Very hard working dressage stallions do most of their workout with demanding activity such as running and jumps and can work between 6 and 12 lessons per week. However, this is not a problem. This includes top racing and showpizers. Although these are general terms and each horse should be considered as an individuum, they give us a good understanding of where to begin to feed our top performers.
The workhorse needs more nutrients and more work, and the need for extra power rises with it. It is as important the sources of this power as the quantity. One of the first sources of protein we see in equine diets is carbohydrate solubility, also known as non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) or sugar and starches.
If a horse is digesting carbohydrate solubility, the degradation product is taken up in the small bowel. However, the trouble with NSC is that when swallowed, it can cause an elevation in sugar levels and levels of isoline, which can cause metabolism disorders and an increased chance of binding and abscess. It is important that we do not feed too much NSC and that we do not strain the small intestines.
When starch and sugar can be hazardous in large quantities, what can we replace as a more secure form of power? This is the answer: fat, and this is actually the horse's favourite food resource. While we are training our ponies and improving their body condition, their body shifts in a natural way from the use of carbohydrate as an energiser to the use of fat as an energiser.
Greases are also more energetic, which means that a small amount of grease can absorb a much greater amount of energetic content. Linseed and ricekaie are some of the best source of fatty substances in the horse's nutrition. Besides this, it is another nutritional substance that is severely impaired at the start of the horse's work.
Powerful ponies loose a lot of moisture when sweating, which can cause desiccation and heating up. During temperate climate zones, the horse can loose 6-8 litres of perspiration per h. If the climate is warmer, like in a typically southeastern sommer, this can rise to 15 litres per hours.
A litre of perspiration weights about 2 lbs, so a horse can loose up to 30 lbs of body weight per hr in a warm temper. There' s a general legend in the horse business that we should not let a warm, weary horse eat right after work because it makes him a cola or a creator.
Actually, holding back excess moisture is the hardest thing you can do when your horse is warm or weary. Studies have shown that your horse is thirsting most immediately after training. When we hold back until the horse is no longer warm, it may not be feeling thursty, but it might still need rehydrating.
A number of researches have shown that drinking a warm horse causes neither colitis nor a founders. Indeed, making a horse swallow a cold is the best way to help him chill out. A general principle is: always give your horse a watering bath, no matter if it is warm or not.
Elektrolytes are another category of nutriments that workahorses need.
Watersoluble nutrients comprise the Vitamine A, Thiamine, Liboflavin and Vitamine C. Vitamine C is a nutrition we are beginning to recognize is very important for the horse's perform. Whereas the horse has an elevated need for food supplements, this usually increases in relation to the amount of calories consumed. If we feed our animals better with grains and hey or raise the amount of food we usually already cover this need for food.
With the workhorse this becomes more and more important, because the muscular degradation and the reconstruction of these animals can raise the oxidation product in the human being. Vitamine is mostly found in virgin leafy pastures, so if you have a hardworking horse that has little or no acess to grazing, it may be a good notion to feed an additional Vitamine in.
Probably the next important nutritive ingredient for workhorses is the most widely misinterpreted in the horse industries - proteins. Power hippos have an increased need for proteins compared to non-working hippos, but the rise is not enormous. Today, what we see in the horse power industries is the overfeeding of proteins in the horse.
Surplus proteins are harmful because they can strain the hepatic system and cause increased tiredness and drying out. As surplus proteins cannot be used for energetic purposes in the horse's diet, they are eliminated as Ammonia in the horse's pee. Ammoniacal pee has a very unpleasant odor when it accumulates on the stable bottom and can lead to breathing difficulties in the horse.
Proteins are about HIGHNESS, not QUIT. Not only a proportion of raw proteins, but also a gram of aminos. The provision of a high-quality sources of proteins (e.g. soy meal) is important to give the horse the components it needs to develop powerful muscles and bones. Irrespective of how much proteins we give them - if this is a bad grade and does not have the right amount of aminos, the horse cannot use it and it will drop the whole organism in the blood.