Equine Nutrition

horse nourishment

To survive, horses need six main classes of nutrients: water, fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. They do not have to be beginners to get confused about horse nutrition. There are 7 legends about horse nutrition Vets from the Tufts University Hospital for Large Animals carried out a questionnaire of equine breeders in 2008. 67 persons, who took their ponies to the centre for care, responded to general equine husbandry issues, as well as four who were supposed to measure their comprehension of the correct nutrition of cattle. Fewer than half of the farmers knew the day-to-day needs of an ordinary equine, and 69 per cent were wrong about the right roll of full concentrate in equine nutrition.

Misconceptions about how animals are fed are not a singular phenomenon for this group of equine breeders, say the Tufts clinics, who have written down the results of the poll in a vet-report. They are not a result of our care - most of us do our best to give our animals the right amount of food. In addition, there is completely false information that is quickly spread in times of web browsers and blogging, and it is simple to confuse myths with facts when it comes to equine nutrition.

In order to make sure that your horse's nutrition is developed on the basis of the latest information available, we have removed the seven most important legends of equine nutrition. Gunpowdered with the truths, you can best get through your ponies when the meal is rolling around. Legend 1: Concentrates or cereals are the basis of a horse's nutrition; hey is secondarily.

That could be one of the greatest misunderstandings in the way we feed our animals. In the ideal case, a horse's nutrition is more geared to straw than to concentrate or cereals. As a matter of fact, pensioned ponies and those in easy work can do well on a meadow or meadow just dieting. Focused supply of energetic power is only possible for diligent equestrians, nursing mothers and other equestrians with increased energetic requirements or if the available straw does not supply enough heat.

Excessive consumption of concentrated products and cereals can cause overweight, colics and laminitis. Remember that if you feed a "complete" pallet - a pallet containing raw feed - according to the manufacturer's directions, your pony will receive its everyday feed requirements as part of its extract. While these foods are useful for horsemen who are not able to bite or who are made worse by the powder in the grass, they may not be the best option for those who do not need them.

Feeding hey not only aids in keeping a stable vise busy, it also discourages the stable vice, but most of this food will help keep its alimentary system functioning. Legend 2: Glutinous gruel has a laxing effect and keeps the horses warmer. On a cold winter's holiday it is certainly satisfactory to prepare a mashed bran for your horses.

There is also a certain amount of soul tranquillity when you provide a bran-based liquid manure to a steed that is prone to digestion problems. In addition, most of our clients enjoy mashed pastry. However, recent research has shown that these blends have no purgative effect and do not inhibit colics. Neither do bran mashing provide a permanent "heating effect" for a horse.

Anybody who has been told that the rioters can get up five moments before the morning can forgive themselves if they think that the feed periods are crucial, but in fact they are not.

Regularly feeded animals are prepared so that they have to reckon with food at certain hours, but there is no physical need to keep to a rigid timetable. If you eat only two food supplements a days, you may be really starving until your food comes in, but you will not be hurt if you eat one hours sooner or later than before.

However, it is better to imitate a horse's diet as accurately as possible by giving your horses free selection of straw throughout the year. He will not only be more tolerant if you are a little late with his food, but his intestines will also work better and his chances of colics and laminitis are drastically decreased.

Legend 4: Alfafa is too "rich" to be feeded securely to animals. That seems to be a local myth: A lot of people in the West are happy and safe to feed on the lucerne that some East Coast equestrians are worried about. The call to be "rich" can come from the very nourishing foliage, which is more easily digested than most sharks and can cause gastro-intestinal disorders and even colics if they are quickly incorporated into a horse's food.

It is advisable to slowly incorporate lucerne into your horse's nutrition, just as you would get used to heather. The majority of them would become overweight if they were given lucerne in good qualities for free selection, i.e. preferably in small quantities, complemented with grassy straw, which offers sufficient "chewing time" to fend off tedium.

The higher albumen and calcion levels of Alfafa lead to an increase in the production of pee (and the absorption of water), but are by no means detrimental to the cardioid function of a normal equine. Indeed, it has been suggested that the inclusion of lucerne in the ration of stables and feed with small quantities of food actually provides protection against ulcers...probably due to the cushioning effect of higher proteins and calium.

Lastly, research has shown, in contrast to common opinion, that lucerne cannot cause or even avoid orthopaedic development problems in young ponies, such as osteochondritis 0issecans. Legend 5: Problems with weights, e.g. too thin or too thick, are exclusively related to the way a person feeds a dog. It' simple to look at a horse's diet to understand how it gained or lost body mass, and you'll often find the answer there.

However, sometimes a horse's health is not directly related to its nutrition. For example, a thin stallion may have tooth issues that hinder him from eating his diet well. Furthermore, parasitic stress or systematic disease can cause a horses loss of body mass, even if they receive sufficient quantities of good nutrition.

A full vet examination is required whenever a rider has difficulty maintaining his or her body mass to find the cause. Similarly, an oily animal is obviously getting more calories than it needs, but reducing its diet is only part of the answer. A number of ponies have a so-called thrift transgene, which allows them to "live off the air" and to put on extra weights even with a poor diet intended only for feeding purposes.

The best course in these cases is a posture management programme that includes a training programme - such as four day perweek active horse back rides - together with a limited nutrition. Legend 6: Maize is a "heating" feedstuff. It is probably due to how much this food can make some of them "hot", that the misconception that eating maize contributes to keeping the horse body warmer.

One quarter of sweet maize is much heavier than a fourth of oat, so that the owner can unknowingly provide a corn-fed cow with much more energy - and fewer carbohydrates - than another food provides in the same amount. Maize has its place in equine nutrition, but a much better "heating feed" for the winters is hey.

Legend 7: It' s not safe to let a warm steed consume cool waters. Though not just about nutrition, this legend is so stubborn and potentially harmful that it is rewarding to expose it as often as possible. It has been shown on several occasions that a warm, perspiring steed that is drinking cool waters is not at greater danger of colics, cramps or hoof deer.

It is not clear how this legend originated, but one specialist postulated that years ago, before the full understanding of the physical consequences of fatigue, the absorption of moisture was held responsible for hoof deer or cock les in the case of just reworked equines. Indeed, it is best to let your stallion have drinks when he is thirstiest, which is probably the case immediately after training.

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