Equine Vaccineshorse vaccines
What time should you immunise your horses against common ailments?
Primary dose: 6 month Second dose: 7 month Third dose: 8 month. By unvaccinated mare: First dose: 6 month Second dose: 7 month Third dose: 8 month, then at 3 month interval. Primary dose: 9 month Second dose: 10 month Third dose: 11-12 month, then at 3 month interval.
Rinopneumonitis (EHV-1 and EHV-4)First dose: 4-6 moths Second dose: 5-7 moths Third dose: 6-8 moths, then at regular interval of 3 moths. boosters every 3 to 4 moths up to annual power horses: Boosters every 3-4 moths up to one year. West-Nile virusFirst dose: 3-4 moths Second dose: 1 moths later (plus third dosage after 6 moths in endangered areas) Annual boost, before the anticipated hazard.
Half-yearly or more often (every 4 months), according to your risks, inoculate, boost yearly, before the anticipated risks. Half-yearly or more often (every 4 months) according to your risks. BiannualOptional: biannual if the exposure is high. Botulismus (inactivated typ B1 toxoid)From injected mare: 3-dose serie of toxicoid at 30 day interval, beginning at the ages of 2-3 mths.
As with all medication, the labelling and package leaflet should be carefully reviewed before all vaccines are administered. See your vet for advice on an individual programme of vaccinations for your animal.
Fundamentals of Horse Vaccination - The Horse Owner's Resource
In the last 75 years, vaccines have rescued the life of tens of thousands a horse and made a number of dreadful equine conditions extremely infrequent. These are still among the most efficient means of preventing horse sickness. Vaccination works by bringing weak or dead micro-organisms into the human organism to exercise the immunity system to kill certain pathogenic substances.
Sometimes the vaccine causes pain or oedema. The majority of equine vaccines are given by means of injections intramuscularly, which deliver the product into the muscular tissues where it is absorbed and worked up by the human being. In-tranasal vaccines, which are sprayed into the nasal orifices, are also available for equine use. Since these vaccines trigger a powerful immunity reaction in the airways, they are used against flu and strangulation, which affect the human being there.
Intranvenous vaccines released directly into the blood stream are available for humans, but currently none are produced for use in equines. It is not necessary to vaccinate every single animal for every sickness. When discussing what is appropriate for your equine animal, consider four factors that affect its exposure to disease: Youngsters are most at risk when their maternal immune system weakens.
Older equidae can also have a weakened immunity reaction. Furthermore, the number of potentially pathogenic organisms encountered by routine show, event or breed travelers is likely to be higher than those that hardly ever or never evacuate. Lonely donkeys that hardly ever come far from the yard are far less prone to illness than the inhabitants of a large pension stables with a lot of in and out going horsetraffic.
Some equine illnesses are widespread in certain areas. Regardless of which immunization program you and your vet select, evaluate and regularly adapt it on the basis of new hazards, changes in local/regional circumstances and any changes that have taken place in your horse's life style. American Association of Equine Practitioners may recommend immunization against the following equine disorders.
botulism: foods poisoned by the poison of Clostridium Botulinum bacterium, which can pollute animal foods and waters. It is characterised by palsy, starting with the sphincters, and is usually lethal. Inflammatory horse arteritis: a disorder of the airways and sex that can cause termination. Horse influenza: Inflammations of the cerebrum and spine due to several types of Togaviridae alpha viruses, usually transferred by Bymosquitos.
It is characterised by temperature, unpredictable behaviour and/or obstructive flow and is almost always lethal. Equine Epilepsy (EEE) and Equine West Encephalomyelitis (WEE) are present in North America; equine Venezuelan Epilepsy (VEE) has not been reported in the United States for decade, but eruptions are still occurring in South America. Flu: an urgent virus infectious event of the airways.
Hippopotamus (monocytic ehrlichiosis): a condition induced by a trickettsial body, Ehrlichia risticii. Renamed after the Poto Mac River Valley, where it was first diagnosed in 1979, the condition is characterised by high temperature, diarrhoea and laminitis. Rage: a deadly virus disorder of the cerebral neural system. Rinopneumonitis: a high infectious rate illness due to herpes viruses (EHV-1, EHV-4).
The Rhinopneumonitis is characterised by temperature, easy airway infections and with mare by Abort. Besides the diarrhoea, symptoms of a RNA virus A virus infections are the failures of the nursing staff, depressive disorders and difficulties with standing up. Streptococcus (distemper): a high infectious rate infectious agent of the thyroid gland, usually the pharynx, due to Streptococcus horsebirds. Tetanus: a stiff parentolytic disorder due to the poison of Clostridium toani, an an anaerobic organism that inhabits ground and faeces but can also cause wound infections.
The West Nile viral disease can spread to bird, horse, human and other mammal species. Infections in the horse, as in humans, usually cause little or no disease. The West Nile infections sometimes cause a congestion of the brains (encephalitis), which leads to joint dysfunction, muscular spasms (fasciculation), coordination, behavioural changes, palsy and recurrent pain.
American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) has proposed a plan to vaccinate different types of horse age and level of activities - colts, young sters, recreational ponies, competitive ponies and brood mares. These are the rules for leisure and competitive stallions, for the others at www.aaep.org.