Feeding and Watering HorsesFeed and water horses
Fodder and irrigation for horses | Blue cross
The horses are naturally "drinking straws" that graze and graze most of the while. Your gastrointestinal system has focused on a fibre-based nutrition with an emphasis upon back intestinal gastrointestinal tract indigestion (caecum and colon). Horses' diets naturally include a wide range of grass of different species and ages (from freshly cultivated to older, harsher stems) as well as other plants and "weeds", resulting in largely constant food consumption over much of the year.
The old meadow is perfect for most horses and Ponys with only additional need for Heubedarf in the wintry month. Often, however, the diversity of grasses and herbs is depleted in a contemporary meadow where one or two nutrient-rich grasses and clovers can predominate. Consequently, there are often seasonally varying variations in grassland vegetation (horses are more susceptible to gaining fat and laminitis) and additional feeding at other time.
Equines need a healthy nutrition that contains the right amount of nutrition (carbohydrates, proteins and fats), vitamines and mineral salts for a good digestion. Natural sugar, starch and fibre hydrates are found in grasses and most feed supplements and provide the nutritional base for horses.
Sugar provides fast releasing power, while starch provides slowly releasing power andcellulose is rather undigestible, but important for fiber. It is important for bodily functions, regrowth and repairs as well as a source of nourishment, especially for horses with high energetic requirements, such as hard-working adolescents and broodmares, foaling or lactic (milk producing).
Vitamin and nutrients are an important part of a horse's nutrition. Of course, they are found in the gras and are taken up in complementary feedingstuffs, whereby the percentages can differ. Crystals and lickstones are available and can be used on the fields or in the stables to make sure the horses have proper exposure to the necessary crystals that may be missing in the grid or heuration.
It may be the only complement necessary for the nutrition of most horses that are unemployed or only in work. The feeding of a horses shall first take into account the nature and amount of pasture to which the horses have at their disposal. Weed is often ignored when looking at a horse's rations, but it is the only (or predominant) food for most horses.
No matter whether feeded virgin (pasture) or preserved (hay or hay), weed is an important supplier of nutrients, fiber and nutrients. Biomass is the main raw material for dietary fibres. Dietary fiber levels increase during the pasturing period and are higher in the "prouder", ripe gras. Old weed is also used for preservation as straw or straw and provides fibre-rich fodder for the wintry seasons or when the horses have no acces to willow.
With proper care, the turf can eat a good balance from early in the year to late in the year. This is why it is sometimes necessary to add to the nutrition of a horses with hey, yeast, husky soil, grassy biomassellets, chips or thatch. The majority of horses that are at ease or at work do not need to complement their nutrition.
This is food with a relatively high (concentrated) content of nutrition and energetic value. They should not normally make up more than half of the horseâ??s complete food intake. Normally concentrate makes up only a small part of the horse's nutrition, with forage making up the bulk. It provides nutrition and nourishment for horses with high energetic needs, such as those used in heavy work and regular competition.
When they are given to horses in easy labour or to horses in pony, they can cause the pet to become obese or hard to handle. In general, mixed feedingstuffs have been specifically adapted to the needs of certain horses and donkeys, from high fiber (nuts) to high energetic competitions (mixtures). Analyses of nutritional constituents should be available on the manufacturer's packaging and nutritional information.
Eating bolted and badly chewed foods can cause them to be ingested as a large amount that accumulates in the horse's esophagus, which causes significant pains as it is pressed gradually into the abdomen. Since it is not possible to raise the feed again, a desperate chocked animal may show similar symptoms to the beginning of colonic activity (sweating, paws on the floor, exertion).
The choke differs from the tummy coil in that the lips are normally kept open widely and the nape of the head and nape of the throat may become a cramp. Horses can salivate from their noses and mouths. As a rule, the symptom disappears within half an hours once the meal has arrived in the digestive system. Steps must be taken to prevent a horses feeding from locking the fodder; firm fodder should contain long fibres such as straw to prolong the buying period and the diet should be moistened with fresh soap.
While feeding succulent plants such as apple and carrot, make sure that they are chopped into long thin cuts and not into cuts so that they are less likely to be completely ingested and cause an obstacle. In normal food, the effect of the horse's mouth forms the mouth of the food into a bolus coated with salt, which is appropriate for ingestion.
One speaks of quick thinking when this bolus isn't ingested but thrown out of the horse's jaws, or when a stubbornly dropping partial masticated fodder is eaten, indicating a foot infection. Because the more filamentous the lining, the more chewing is challenging for a tooth troubled Horse to do efficiently, the lining is disposed of from the mouths and not ingested.
Often this can be seen in small saliva-covered bales of bale powder found on the floor under the horse's net, especially in an older one. A veterinarian or dentist should examine the horse's jaw for evidence of problem dentition such as sharpened or uneven dentition, aching wounds in the oral cavity or a fractured, diseased smile.
Unless tooth conditions are addressed, a equine rider will lose more and more ground and his overall condition may be compromised. It is important when a horse tends to corrode and screw together foods to ensure that all heavy foods are damped correctly and contain a significant amount of increased fibre such as straw.
Absorption of clumps of food such as succulent foods should be prevented. Horses are threatened by asphyxiation or drowning. Frequently the equine animal protects the diet and becomes aggressively towards other horses or carers. Feeding the horses in a calm place where perception of competing with other horses for fodder is minimized.
Wrong storage can lead to a rapid deterioration in the food and animal feeding stuffs as well as to severe digestion problems. Rigid food should always be kept in a cold, arid place in an unprotected box with a safe cover. It should be kept in a place inaccessible to horses.
Particular caution must be taken when storing non-soaked beets, as they may be deadly if consumed by a horse. Therefore, the following rules must be observed Keep all trays and utensils free from stagnant forage. Fodder rooms should be kept neat and precautions taken to clear spilled foodstuffs.
Feeding containers should be periodically washed before new feeding is added. Holding the fodder in its bag in the fodder container will reduce spoilage and cross-contamination. Fodder that has been towed or stomped on the ground or through the stable should not be replenished. Before feeding, always moisten dried fodder with plenty of fresh brine.
Feeding your stallion from a large flat dish that can be placed on the bottom and is hard to tip over. They should be made of synthetic material or gum to prevent injuries to the horses. Nativity scenes attached to the barn doors or fences are also good means of feeding a stable although it is more normal for horses to be fed from the soil.
If using a barn net, make sure it is bound high enough with a quick-release fastener or a knot to avoid the horses catching a heel. If you feed straw in the fields, sprinkle it into small heaps, so that the horses can go from heap to heap as if they were grassland.
When horses share a box, make sure there are more haystacks than horses. It will help minimize the struggle for sustenance. According to wheather, nutrition and work performance, horses consume about 25 to 55 liters of drinking soda per diurn. Horses need good quality drinking and drinking conditions. It is important that horses have constant and safe drinking and drinking conditions, both in the stables and in the fields.
The bucket of barn equipment should be made of plastics, rubbers or polyethylene. You should change the tap regularly and keep the pails tidy. If possible, the bins should be placed in the corners of the barn to avoid tipping over. Automated drink trays are a good alternate to garbage cans, although they can cause trouble because some horses do not take them with them and it is hard to tell how much has been consumed.
Pails and irrigation systems must be kept neat to keep the freshness of the irrigation system. On the lawn it is important that a stable of horses always has access to safe, clear drinking and drinking waters. Drums stuffed from a faucet are not advised when the faucet is in front as the horses may be hurt.
It is necessary to carry out the seasonally maintenance of the wells. Beware of springs of natural waters such as brooks and lakes as they can be polluted or hard to reach for your horses. Ideally, the spring should be a flowing brook with a pebble bottom. When the ground is sand, horses can get stony or when the ground is mud, the area can quickly become sludgy and the waters get filthy or hard to comprehend.
Not relying on naturally sourced waters is prudent and those that present a possible hazard should be sealed off.