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Feed replacement for horses | Equine Science Center
Fodder such as long handle and/or grazing grass and pulses are the traditionally cornerstone of the equine nations. Good feed should account for at least 50% of a horse's feed consumption per day, which would be 12 to 15 pounds of dried fodder for the mean grown up horse. Feed is an important resource for calories, proteins, mineral nutrients and vitamines, but it also provides a "nutrient" that horses need.
Long-stemmed grass for grazing and grazing contains more than 20% raw fibre, while most cereal mixtures, also known as "complete fodder", contain less than 12% fibre. Horse can adjust to healthy diets that contain neither grass nor grass, but the strict dietary fibre requirement has not been met. Nevertheless, low fibre and high concentration dietary fractions have been reported to raise the risks of colics, stomach abscesses and horse biting.
However, if the cost of tedding rises to over $300/t, as some are predicting, what should a horseman do? Below are some " substitute " for feed that can be securely absorbed into the equine nations to supply the necessary fibre. "Full" concentrates: They are available in structured, pelletized or extrusion form and consist of cereal, yeast or turnip chips as well as vitamins and minerals.
Constructed to be used without the need for straw, cereals or other dietary aids, they also cover the horses' essential needs. Full concentrate (or feed) is available in a range of nutrient profile options, so it is important to check the label to see which ones suit the specific needs of your particular equine needs (e.g. care of adults versus young adolescent or performance-oriented horses).
Labels should include the words 'intended for a feeding-free diet'. "Unfortunately, none of the dietary fibre known to the writer contains enough to meet the horse's need to be chewed. If no other feed sources are used, this leads to a drastic increase in the mastication rate of timber.
Normally, 12 to 15 pounds of a full diet are needed to cover the everyday needs of the 1000 pound horses, which, when divided into just two feeds, overcome the horse's ability to digest. The more frequent use of smaller quantities (2 to 3 pounds per feed) not only optimises your dog's intestinal transit, but also makes it stronger.
Full food should be used instead of and not in conjunction with the normal corn ratio of a horse. 3. Equines should be gradually converted to the full dose, taking more than a weeks to remove straw entirely from their diets and to provide them with the necessary quantities of whole food for their needs.
WARNING: If given without any other dietary fiber sources, whole foods can raise the chance of Colics and/or Deer Hoof. Blueberry cubes: Long-shaft tay, either lucerne or a mix of lucerne and Timotheus tay, is left to dry, minced and cut into small slices. Dice made from a mix of lucerne and whole maize crops may also be available.
There was, however, a drastic rise in the frequency of wooden mastication in each trial, and two horses had difficulty suffocating on the dice when given dried food. You can reduce the risk of masticating firewood by eating at least some amount of grass or grass (see below) and eliminate the risk of suffocation by immersing the dice in soap for 10 min before use.
Combined dice of grasses or maize plants are advisable if they are used as the only food supply for adults. Lucerne dice in particular contain more proteins and minerals than the average grown equine needs, but do not damage the equine body as long as its renal functions well.
The Alfalfa dice are better suited for breastfeeding broodmares or horses in growth and as a feed part. Whilst up to 15 pounds or more per diem can be supplied, 2 to 6 pounds of dice per diem can already be used as "hay extenders" if only bad amounts of grass are available.
Stems remaining from the harvest of semolina or other cereal cultures contain very little nutrients, but thatch is a major fibre wellspring. Provided the horse's need for power, proteins, minerals and vitamins can be covered by a fully pelletized, extrusion or structured concentrated product, litter on thatch reduces the amount of wooden mastication and satisfies the horse's wish to munch.
However, if horses have not had food available and are laid on hay all of a sudden, there is a serious danger of impact colitis. Stroh should not be seen as a food resource for horses, but only as a "buying agent" and a fibre resource. As a byproduct of the sugar industry, in the last 10 years turnip biomass has established itself as a supplementary material for horses.
This is a good supply of fermented fibre and contains quite a lot of Calcium with only modest proteins (8%) and no vitamins. This is a very frequent ingredient in "complete feed". You can feed up to 10 pounds (dry) to the mean grown-up horse, but it needs to be complemented with a good balance of vitamin/mineral supplements and perhaps proteins.
Do not use it as your only foodstuff. Weizenkleie: Although it is a good fibre resource, it should not be given in large amounts over a long period of use. When used as a complement, it should be restricted to 1 pound per head per normal horse per night, and the calcium/phosphorus balance should be thoroughly compensated by using them.
Weizenkleie is not advised as an important feed replacement. Reiskleie: Reiskleie has recently been advertised as a horse oil resource (energy source) and is also an adequate dietary fibre resource. However, Rice bran has even more phosphorous per kilo than Weizenkleie. A number of commercially available ricegrass has added potassium to help reduce the disequilibrium, but as with cornmeal, ricegrass is not advised as an important feed replacement.
Pruning / Garbage: As many decorative herbs ( see FS938 ) and horticultural herbs ( e.g. tubers, potatos, rhubarb, etc. ) are potentially fatal for horses, they are not advised as feed replacement or dietary supplement. Foddering grass cuttings and waste gardening can cause colitis, roe deer and/or mortality and is not advised. These factors all have their disadvantages as feed replacements.
Food and dice are relatively costly (200 to 300 $/tonne). Do not use either grass or turnip schnitzel as the only foodstuff. Although they are both good fibre and relatively sparing, they do not contain the right nutritional equilibrium for each category of horses. If, however, high grade thatch is not available or costing over $250 per tonne, turnip fodder and dice can be used with strain to deliver both the right nutritional and fibre levels to help keep the stomach and intestines healthy and comfortable.
Bran, either from grain or paddy grain, although it has good fibre resources, should NEVER be used as the major ingredient in your horse's nutrition.