Horse Bits 101Equine bits 101
To choose the right denture, it is important to first learn the principle of how a denture works and the points of contact with the horse that are influenced by different denture styles and teeth. There are two main kinds of bits: bridle bits and lever bits.
They differ in the areas on the horse where pressures are exerted. As well as these two kinds of bits, there are chockamores, which usually have no mouthpieces. Nowadays, there are also many items of headwear that pair a nozzle with a mechanic chopper as well as several choices that pair a bridle bite with a chunk over the nostril that does not contain lever force.
Samples for a frequently seen bridle bite (left) and kerb bite (right). Note that the bridles are fixed directly to the bridle bite on the mouth piece, while the bridles are fixed to the kerb bite on a shaft fixed to the mouth piece. Dots on the horse's forehead that can be influenced by a little or some kind of headwear are tongues, sticks, cheek, mouth, lips, palates, noses, curbside and survey.
Bridle chisels are called straight draw chisels, because when the horseman draws on the bridles, this force is transferred directly to the horse's jaw. It' a misunderstanding in the branch that a bridle bite is a fractured nose piece, i.e. the nose piece consists of at least two parts.
Bridle bite can have a massive nose part, a two-piece mouth part, a three-piece mouth part or several teeth like a necklace. It can have a connector, ring, key, dog bone, etc. There is no lever effect and the secret to the identification of a bridle is that it works a little from the pulling force.
A bridle rein is fixed directly to the nose piece, not to a shaft. On the other side, a bridle insert has a lever effect, i.e. the bridles are fixed to a shaft with a certain shape. Under the horse's jaw, a kerb belt is used. Withdrawing from the rein puts downward thrust not only on the horse's jaws and mouths, but also on the horse's voice; this is the trigger.
The bridles must not be attached directly to the nose piece, but to a kind of shaft on the teeth. Harnesses are attached to the lower part of the shaft and the cheeks of the bridles to the top part of the shaft. When the driver pull back on the rein, the top of the shaft will move forward as far as the kerbstone allows.
As the kerbstone is tightened, less stress is exerted on the survey. As the kerb belt loosens, more force can be exerted on the survey as the tip of the shaft can move forward. There is still a lever effect on the horse even when no kerbstone is used, as the bridles are not directly fixed to the teeth, but to a shaft that turns forwards when the rein is pressed.
The survey print can be a very efficient means to evoke certain reactions of the horse. By their very nature, the horse tends to move away from pollen and will therefore often lower its head and bend to avoid this downward spiral. In order to work properly in a kerb bite, however, the horse must have already learnt to be voluntarily led and to be subjected to the bite.
Excessive survey printing too early in the horse's workout often results in the horse either fighting or dodging the jaw. The first step in the selection of a single byte is to identify the appropriate or required kind of byte (snaffle or lever). Next criteria should be the selection of the required mouth piece.
As soon as the denture and mouth piece are chosen, the next thought is whether it is the right width for the horse. Default bits are 5 inch and are the most used. The ponies are usually 4 1/2 inch in width, and bits intended for Arabs and other lightweight, sophisticated ponies are 4 3/4 inch in width.
Bits are available in 5 1/2 inch, 6 inch width and even broader for some draught horse s. The horse's mouth is broader. Belts larger than 5-inch may require custom ordering and the accessibility of style and mouthpieces may be restricted for commercially available bits. This is also the case to a certain extent for the small bits, although there is a larger choice of bridle bits.
The bits can be made of many different material.
But it is very tasty for the horse and is often a favourite option for advanced riders. Occasionally the chunks consist of a soft piece of ferrous cheeks. It allows the dentition to retain its new look outside the horse's jaw, while the part in the jaw is made of the tastier part.
It is often used in dentistry because it makes the horse go into the smile. Whereas bits are not made entirely of brass, the mouthpieces are often made of brass or are fitted with a kind of brass roll or insert. This salivation increases the ability of a horse that tends to reduce the production of spittle and has a dryer throat.
There can be very small deposits on the horse's mouth or relatively large rolls. Many years ago, the tendency towards aluminium chisels began and still continues today, especially for inferior chisels. These bits can also crack abruptly because aluminium oxidises slightly.
These bits are so light that they move too much in the horse's jaws and the horse may have a reduced reaction to reinsqueues. As a rule, aluminium chisels have a shaft made of a higher-grade aluminium alloys and a nose piece made of a different type of tool. Further grades to be seen in the bits design are plastics or plastics ("happy mouth" bits) and rubbers.
They are both conceived as "soft" bits and reduce the hardness of the reins. They can be efficient on some of our ponies, but should be used with caution. These bits are often too mellow and tend to force the horse to resist the force rather than give in when used as a routine.
The same applies in particular to chisels made of natural gum, which often also have a very large bore. Its large size can be problematic for the horse, as it is typical for youngsters whose mouth is not large enough to be comfortable to use. Samples of different bridle-ends. This is a number of bits that are fractured at more than one point (above) around the reed and distribute the force evenly across the reed and the rods.
One piece, fractured at one point (second from above), exerts more force on the mouthwash. Massive teeth (second from below) exert more force on the centre of the reed. There is a barrel-hinged nozzle (bottom) with a restricted movement area. Once you have decided whether to use a bridle or kerbstone and decided on the appropriate width and materials, the next stage is to decide on the type of nozzle.
When choosing a nozzle, much of the mess around the bits begins. On the one hand, this is due to the large number of available mouths, on the other hand to the poor comprehension of the condition of the oral cavity and how the various mouths are fitted into the oral cavity and work. It' possible to have a nozzle that is either gentle (a gentle bit) or heavy (a firm or firm bit) in its effect and compression.
Both a bridle bite and a bite from a bridle can have either a fractured or a massive tip. The way a horse reacts to a particular kind of nozzle is dependent on the horse's condition and preferences. When it is fractured, the more it adapts to the horse's muzzle.
If there are several places where a tip is fractured, it fits around the reed more than a tip that is fixed or only fractured in one place. An inflexible nozzle puts more force over and over the reed, while one that is fractured in the centre takes some force from the centre of the reed when the reigns are drawn, exerting more force on the rods of the reed and the sides of the lips.
Slightly fractured in several places, it will adapt around the reed and exert more evenly onto the reed, the rods and the lip. A few flat-top ponies are more convenient with bites that adapt around the oral cavity. Only a fractured part of the horse's nose can come into touch with the horse's taste buds if the horse horseman withdraws at the rein and locks the nose when it breaks.
Every horse reacts differently to different kinds of teeth pressures; some react better to fixed teeth, while others react better to fractured teeth. Riders must carry out experiments to find out in which dentition a particular horse will perform better. Bridle Bite Styles: The ring pattern must be taken into account when selecting the bridle.
Bridle bits are usually available in O-ring, D-ring, Eikolben and full cheeks. Ribbons can range in sizes from 2 1/2 inch in diamter to 4 inch, with 3 inch being quite common. Probably the most beloved models are the O-ring and the stub. Whole cheeks are also favoured, but should always be used with dental restraints for security purposes; a full cheeks that is not correctly locked with a dental restraint can get caught on adjacent objects or hurt local people.
In some workout sessions, full cheeks and very large striped teeth are used to exert force on the horse's face when asked to give in sideways, which encourages the horse to give in better and also prevents the teeth from being drawn through the oral cavity.
The most important factor influencing the degree of weight when using a bridle is the size and structure of the mouth piece. Use of a bigger diametre nozzle distributes the air flow to the reed and the rods over a wider area. As a result, these bits are less strong than a smaller diametre nozzle, which means that the force is concentrated on a smaller area.
Top to bottom: large diametre nozzle (least thick), smaller diametre nozzle (medium severity), small diametre nozzle and twisting (most thick). One of the most popular texture techniques is to do a little with turns in the mouthpieces, which can be either slowly and fairly slippery or subtle and pungent. If the swirl is thin and clear, whether it is a cork screw or stranded thread, the stronger the nozzle is, as the air in these areas is central.
The two extreme of hard and smooth bits have many nuances, and a temperate-bit is probably the best option for most humans and ponies. Harder parts should be reserved for those who know how and when to use them and who have the patience and skill to use them well.
Softer bits can also be difficult because it's simple to train a horse to draw against and avoid them. That is certainly not desired, although many make this error when trying to be nice to their horse. Another issue with the use of flexible bits is that they generally have a large size and many youngsters do not have enough space in their mouths to wear them in comfort, as already agreed with gum bits.
The selection of a bridle insert is comparable to the selection of a bridle insert; in as well as the selection of the kind and dimension of the mouth piece, however, it is important to select the suitable shaft. Shaft can be either a fixed or a swivelling cheeks. Also decisive is the required shaft length and form.
You can have a smooth swing (C-bit), a pointed swing (grass chisel) or different designs (S-shaft, 7-shaft, Cavallerieshaft). The shaft length defines the degree of seriousness of the byte. Typical shaft length is 6 to 7 inch, but can range from about 4 inch to over 8 inch.
It' important to know certain principle about lever bits. Cylindrical shanks work faster than bent shanks. Longer shanks produce more lever action than short shanks, but act more slowly. It is also helpful to know the proportion of the shaft quantity over the nose piece to the shaft quantity under the nose piece; the longer the shaft under the nose piece compared to the shaft length over the nose piece, the more lever action the chisel has.
The bits with fractured mouth pieces and/or swiveling cheek pieces are slow and give the horse an essential preparation beacon. A further point in the selection of the kerb bits is the harbour. When the chisel is turned by reins, a pin is just an area in the middle of the nozzle that differs from a line and is therefore lifted off the mouth.
It provides lingual support because when the horse rears on the rein, the horse's lingual movement within the portal puts more strain on the parts of the lips and less on the lingual movement. This is the kind of denture some people like and react well to, while others do not.
Only when a horse's top has reached a certain height (ports larger than about 2 inch can come into direct touch with the top of the mouth) does a harbour come into touch with the horse's top and depends on how tightly the kerb is. Such a high pitched harbour is found in corrective and catalytic chisels and should only be used by well-trained horse and rider who have the skills to use it efficiently and properly.
A high harbor's purpose is to push the top of the horse's jaw, allowing the horse to react by bowing its neck and leaning on the bridles with minimum force. It is a reaction that has been learnt and should only be used on" finished" ponies that have already learnt to give in to it.
You can' t fit every little piece into a single class, especially if you try to class everything as either a bridle or a kerb. It is also not possible to categorize bits as British or West bits. Kimberwick, Peleham, Gag und Elevatorbits should be regarded as combined bits, as they do not exactly have the effect of a bridle or a real kerbit.
There' s also a very large group of bits that are mainly used by the velocity event and rockeo discipline, which cannot be properly categorized. Most of these bits use a slightly altered gags and many also work like a mechanic chock. Toggle bits usually allow the mouth piece to glide up on the cheeks or coils when the tab is pulled on a reins.
The bits and mechanic hackamore are used in jumping rings as well as in many of the gang horse societies. Irrespective of the chosen set of teeth, the rider's palms are the most important element in communication with the horse and influence the efficiency and weight of the teeth. However, the use of an unsuitable byte may cause undesirable reactions, such as compressive strength, agitation of the top, excessively mouth feel of the byte, overreaction to the byte (e.g. rearing) or overbending at selection.
It' important to find something that works well for both horse and horseback, on the basis of the degree of both. Unexperienced horsemen or ponies should be fitted with soft, less heavy parts. Unexperienced horsemen do not have the manual controls to use stricter bits efficiently without damage to the horse's jaw.
Unexperienced riders have often not learnt the required reactions to bits and can be bewildered or overtaxed. It' important to try the bits to find out which is the best choice for a particular equine and equestrian pair.