Horse Dietary needsNutrition of the horse
So what nutrition does a horse need in its nutrition? A horse needs several types of nutrition such as mineral, proteins, vitamins as well as mineral supplement. The amount of each of these nutriments depends largely on your horse's body mass and levels of activities or physiological state ( (e.g. when an individual grows or lactates).
Detailled data on these demands are included in the National Research Council's nutritional needs of equine animals and are summarised in the following table: By far the most important nutriment and is most often ignored. Every horse should have constant contact with clear, unpolluted waters. A horse's need for drinking depends heavily on its physiological condition - because a horse in lactation needs considerably more drinking than a horse in "care".
" As a rule, a horse weighing 500 kg drinks about 30-45 litres a full gallon per working day. 5. How many ponies actually eat depends largely on their nutrition; for example, a horse in the field will probably not eat as much as a horse that eats hey because it absorbs the same amount of moisture with every stalk of gras.
Horsemen should consider the overall daily amount of proteins, not the percentages. Besides knowing the amount of proteins a horse receives, it is also important to know the proteins' qualities. The term fodder is used to describe the composition of proteins in a feeding.
A number of them can be made by the human organism and are not dietary essentials. Aminos that cannot be manufactured by the human organism, such as e.g. lizine, are regarded as vital and must be taken into account in the aliment. High-grade proteins should supply these vital aminoacids.
Good source of proteins are seeds (e.g. soy flour or linseed/linseed flour) and pulses (alfalfa, shamrock, etc.). Because of its growing needs, the ethereal aromatic aliphatic compound Lysin is of particular importance. In one or more of the most important fatty aminos, some horse foods are relatively low, where one or more of the most important ones is regarded as the first restricting one. (i.e. if there is not enough Lysin, the body's ability to synthesize proteins is limited).
If a horse could cover its proteins needs slightly but did not get enough amounts of Lysin, the food would not be appropriate. It is very important for the creation of many words and certainly important when you write a phrase or heel.
In addition, it is now recognised in human beings that some kinds of fat are an important part of the food, namely the o-mega group, which includes omega-3 and o-mega-6. Equine products are also likely to profit from these omgas and research is underway, although these lipids are not regarded as important food.
Horses need multiple mineral levels to fulfill a wide range of functionality requirements, as well as the skeleton and cell communications capabilities. Some of the macro-minerals (which are needed in relatively high quantities) are silicon, phosphor, natrium, kalium, chloride, magnesia and sulphur. Among the micronutrients (which are required in relatively small quantities) are e.g. cooper, zink, cobalt, iron, salt, selenium, and iodide.
Equine feed is varied in many ways, and as they usually contain little bit of soda and chlorine (salt), it is advisable to offer all animals a kind of spring of salts, e.g. a saline cube. A further important point about ores is the importance of several relationships between these ores, since the amount of one ore in the food can influence the use of another.
As an example, there should always be more silicon in the food than phosphorous, preferably in a 2:1 proportion. Only way to know how many mineral substances are present in your fodder (especially straw and/or pasture) is to have them analysed in a nearby agricultural laboratory. The majority of commercial fodder is added in amounts to satisfy the needs of the horse species for which it is intended.
Vitamins are classed as water-soluble or fat-soluble. Unlike people ( and orchids, premature mice, premature babies or cavies ), equines can synthesise their own dietary source of C vitamin and therefore usually do not need it in their diets. Vitamine dioxide, which is synthesised when the epidermis is exposed to the rays of the sun, is found in good quantities in sun-dried animal feeds.
Therefore, if you are feeding high grade straw (i.e. not last year's batch) and your horse is outdoors exposed, it should consume ample quantities of Vitamins D. Vitamins A and D can be found in varying quantities on the pastures and in the straw, with higher quantities on the pastures in the early summer and in the straw that has not been kept for too long.
The majority of fat-soluble vitamines are broken down over the course of the years in bedded grass.