Horse Feed NutritionFeed for horses Nutrition
Horse are also singular in that they have no gallbladder. Horse can eat up to 20% fats in their diets, but it will take 3 to 4 week for them to adapt. Regular horse nations contain only 3 to 4 percent fats. Horse's small bowel is 50 to 70 ft long and can hold 10 to 23 gal.
The majority of nutrition (protein, some carb and fat) is absorbed in the small bowel. Chlamydia also contains germs and protozoans that cross the small bowel to help the digestion of fibre and all digestible sugars. Sternum and abdominal bends are a frequent site of impact. Six major nutrient categories are needed by the horse to sustain its survival, including but not limited to the following: body fluids, lipids, sugars, proteins, vitamines and minerals .
The most important nutrition is running down a river; without it, a horse cannot survive for long! In general, a horse drinks about 2 litres of drinking soda for every kilo of grass it consumes. Indications that your horse may be low in fluids are reduced food absorption and exercise as well as symptoms of dryness such as dried oral mucosa, dried faeces and a shortened refilling period of the capillaries.
The possible causes of dehydration may not be a spring, low tolerance to dehydration, access (frozen or ingested or contaminated) or sickness. The horse cannot absorb any of the six nutritional substances, but it is a prerequisite for maintaining the horse's health. Fats are the densest sources of heat (almost three time more than sugars or proteins), but sugars in the form of fermented fibre or starches are the most abundant.
Equines that move, grow, are mature, in later pregnancy or early labour need more nutritional support. Indications of a lack of energy includes lost body mass, reduced levels of body movement, dairy output and rates of increase. An overly energetic diets can, however, lead to an increase in the risks of co-lic and hoof deer, as well as an increase in sweating and over tolerance.
Haemoglobin is the major component of glucosides. In the small bowel, dissolvable carb hydrates such as starch and sugar are easily degraded to sugar and ingested.
Indissoluble sugars such as fibre (cellulose) avoid digestive enzymes and must be fermentated by germs in the colon to liberate their energetic resources, i. e. transient fats. Dissolvable sugars are found in almost every foodstuff; maize has the highest amount, then barsley and oat. It is used to build muscles during growing or sports.
Essential components of proteins are protein aminos. Soy flour and lucerne are good source of proteins that can be added to your food with ease. The second and third cut lucerne can be 25 to 30% proteins and can strongly influence the entire foodtein. The majority of grown -up stallions need only 8 to 10% proteins in their rations, but a higher percentage of proteins is important for breastfeeding broodmares and young growths.
Indications of low proteins levels may be a raw or gross coat, lost body mass and decreased regrowth, dairy output and yield. Surplus proteins can increase your absorption of urine and your passing of urine, as well as increase your sweating during training, resulting in dehydration as well as electrodebalance. Breeding equidae usually have more than sufficient vitamin content in their diets when fed live fodder and/or pre-mixed feed.
A few cases where a horse would need a vitamine preparation are when a horse is fed a high grade nutrition or inferior grade grass when a horse is under strain (travelling, demonstrations, running, etc.), longer periods of hard exercise or bad food (sick, after operations, etc.). Vitamine dioxide is obtained from the sun's rays, so only those stopped 24 h a day need a vitamin dioxide dietary supplements. Vitamine dioxide is found in virgin greens, but the amount diminishes with vegetable ripeness and is damaged during long-term use.
Equines that are under severe strain or elevated stresses can also profit from a supplement of vitamins E-E. Neither of these is normally needed in the nutrition of a horse. However, heavily strained riders can profit from B-complex and vitamine carbon preparations during the stressful phase. Small quantities of macrominerals such as calcite, phosphorous, sodium, caustic soda, chlorine, magnesium and sulphur are needed every day.
A certain amount of silicon and phosphorous is required, preferably 2:1, but not less than 1:1. Perspiration breaks down Natrium, Kalium and Chlorid from the horse system, therefore a supplement with Elektrolyten can be helpfully for strongly perspiring horse. Normally, when adults eat clean grazing and/or a pre-mixed portion, they get the right amount of mineral nutrients in their diets, with the exclusion of NaCl (salt), which should always be available.
In the first or second year of their lives, youngsters may need to take Calcium, Phosphorous, Copper as well as Zink. Dietary nutrition varies widely with grass ripening, fertilisation, management practices and environment. The best way to measure the nutritional value in the feed is to take a sample and have it analysed by a feed test laboratory (contact your nearest County Extension Office for test information or read the Factsheet, FS714, Analysis of Feeds and Forages for Horses).
Pulses are usually higher in proteins, minerals and energies than herbs. It has more foliage than weeds and needs optimum growing condition (warmth and good soil) to provide the best nutrition. Hay is fodder that has been picked, dehydrated and pressed before being fed to a horse. Pulses may contain 2 to 3 fold more proteins and minerals than weeds.
Ordinary grasses feed on wood chips, bromine and orchards. These are most nourishing if they are pruned early in their growing phase. 2nd trimmed weed has an avarage of 16 to 20% proteins. The look can be a good indication of the amount of nutrient in the Hay, but the colour should not be used as the single indication.
Mouldy or powdery grass should not be given to a horse. Oat is the most beloved cereal for horse. The oat has a lower indigestible energetic value and a higher fibre level than most other cereals. It is also tastier and more easily digested for the horse than other cereals, but can also be costly.
Maize is the second tastiest cereal for horse feed. Its digestibility is twice that of an equivalent oat protein and it is low in fibre. As it is so energy-tight, it is easily overfed with maize, which leads to adiposity. Mold maize should never be feeded - it is deadly for horse.
Milo (sorghum) is a small durum wheat that must be digested and used efficiently by the horse (steam flakes, crushing, etc.). Not tasty when used alone as a cereal, but it can be used in cereal mixtures. As with maize, sorghum is rich in indigestible and low -fibre energies.
Its fibre and energetic contents are modest and it can be a nourishing and tasty feed for horse feed. His small firm cores should be used for the digestion of the horse. Weizen is more energetic than maize and is best used in a cereal mixture because of its low delicacy. Soy flour is the most frequent source of proteins, containing an average of 44% raw proteins.
As a rule, the proteins in soy flour are a high-quality source of the right proportion of key aminosäuren. Cotton seed (48% raw protein) and groundnut flour (53% raw protein) are not as widespread in the horse as soy flour. They are nourishing and tasty with about 25% raw proteins and also contain a lot of fats (13%) and vitamin B1.
Plant oils are the most frequently used sources of fats in horse nutrition. When you add the oleaginous supplement as an outerwear to feed, run with cups/feeding and raise it to no more than 2 cups/day over the period of 2 weeks and for the horse as a whole (1000 lbs.). They are marketed by some feed distributors.
Approximately 20% of it is raw oil and has an energetic value of 2.9 Mcal/kg. Try always to feed as much food as possible and then give concentrated feed. Feeding at a pace of 1.5 to 2% of the horse's bodily mass (1000 lb. horse = 20 lbs.). Feeding by mass not by capacity!
Gizzards are small, so concentrate when used should be given twice a daily, if not more with no more than 0.5% b.w. per feed. In order to keep their bodies weighted, most riders only need good food, plenty of running fluid and a pill. Keep the food stored properly: it should be kept free of mould, gnawers or impurities.
Maintain the Ca:P ratio at about 2 parts Ca to 1 part A. Feed yourself according to a fixed timetable (horses are habitual people and are slightly disturbed by changes in routine). Slowly feed the horse (the horse's stomach cannot handle dramatic changes in the feed; may cause colic). If the work or training is decreasing, reduce the grit.
Pay attention to the chopping order in the horse barrier - do they get their food? Inspect your teeths at least once a year to make sure they are able to feed. Feed and take good look after the horse (2nd edition). Nutritional requirements of horses. Analyzing feed and feed from horses.