Horse Feed Storageforage storage
Storage and preservation of horse feedingstuffs
Constant cold temperatures and dark weather protected them from fast decay - a way of storage that has evolved over thousands of years. However, when it comes to keeping feed for our horse, we continue to draw on historical and scientific experience in storage and conservation. In the ideal case, the owner should purchase the surest horse and keep it for the whole year in order to avoid deterioration of the feed, mould or contaminations that could damage his horse.
In order to keep the bedded straw as cool and tasty as possible, you should concentrate on avoiding mould, build-up of warmth, burning and loss of nutrients. Correct grass harvest and desiccation is important to monitor "breathing", a natural proces that generates warmth and bacteria proliferation. "As a rule, around 80% humidity is present in pasture cultures at the moment of pruning; hardening in the fields will reduce humidity to a level where it can be kept safe.
The hay that has been hardened to less than 16-20% humidity retains well and has minimum warming or mould formation issues. If, however, the bacterial action is bundled with too much humidity (25-35%), it produces considerable quantities of warmth. "Hay warmed up to 150-175°F has the capacity to break out in a fire, which is a great risk for a horse farm.
During the first few months after pressing, humidity and warmth are combined to maximise the burning time. Dr Kathleen Crandell of Kentucky Equine Research advised horse lovers to keep an eye on humidity (less than 14%) and warmth for two week after piling new hey. This can be achieved by using an electronical sensor (e.g. Delmhorst to detect humidity) and a bale sensor to make sure that the ambient air remains under 120°F.
When you come across heated bundles, take them out of the pile and place them in a rain-protected area to allow dry. And to prevent soil humidity from being drained into pads, Collins says the pads should be placed on a bed of bulk hay, chippings or wood palettes. Otherwise, the formation of water under the bale directly on top of soil or cement may cause mould and rot.
It is recommended that straw be stacked so that the fresh breeze can flow around in order to vaporise damp. "Pile quadratic bundles at the edges, leave small crevices between the lines, change the alignment of the bundles in any position and do not pile more than four or five bundles up," she proposes. An increasing number of horse farmers are using round baled crops as an economic, less labour-intensive form of feed.
Obviously, it' re Crandell' s suggestion that these pads are well dry before being stacked. Ventilating and circulating fresh blood are also vital in loft areas where grass is particularly susceptible to the risk of hot and self-igniting. Observe the method of bale storage suggested by Prandell and avoid piling the bale firmly or up to the top. Loofts also have a tendency to collect dusts, which can collect on grass and cause breathing difficulties in the horse.
More than 5% of your body's vitamines are wasted every months, even under optimal storage circumstances, which may require supplementing with a vitamin-mineral mixture, a dietary balance or a commercially available concentrated supplement. Bubbleworms could occur more frequently in the years with grasshopper bumpers because they also feed on grasshopper larvae. It is a process that combines high humidity and acid (non-oxygen) digestion, which can promote the multiplication of C. Botulinum.
"Testing round balers can be tricky, but with sufficient feed available, the horse tends to feed around low quality straw because of its low palatability," she says. Humidity is also the foe when it comes to the storage of feed or cereal feed. In order to reduce the risk of degradation and mould, Cradell advises the owner to store the food in a cold, arid environment with sealed bins to keep humidity, bugs or rodents out.
According to Dr. H. Crandell, athlete's foot fungus produces Alfatoxine in corn kernels, which is also very harmful to the horse's heath. The Commission observes that the addition of treacle and/or oils to mixtures of cereals may increase the humidity content and also influence the storage time. "Producers tend to append conservatives to slower degradation, mould and bacteria but this does not stop the degradation caused by storage conditions," says Mr Krandell.
The longer a food lasts, the higher the temperature and dampness in the summers. Crandell therefore recommends that you only have as much cereal as can be supplied within three to six week's periods, or, if you are buying large quantities at once, that you install climate control in the storage rooms. Pellet feed may have a longer storage lifetime not only because of its lower content of water but also because of the thermal processing associated with it.
Whereas a pellet usually lasts longer, other components in a feed mixture can reduce its durability. "She says granules are blended with cereals, sugar beets and molasses - humidity variations and the qualities of all components influence durability. Storage of feed in breathing sacks or wood containers presents fewer moisture-related issues but is not necessarily pest-proof.
Horse can produce epithelial cells (EPM) by taking up food with possum excrement. Fight liptospirosis by taking in food polluted with infectious mammalian urine. Fighting against liptospirosis, they are also able to control the disease. Best preventative action is to keep food where gnawers or other pests have no contact. Stuff large gnawing hole in a feed chamber with rock mineral or steel cloth to deter mouse; this can also be achieved by spreading surrounding emollients.
Using a food storage box made of a type of food that cannot be chewed by a rodent, close it safely with a cover that Coon and other skilful animals cannot open. Protecting against pests is not the only crucial factor in animal-friendly feed storage: The important thing is to save crops and to fill up tanks in a closed room or tank that is not accessible to a horse that has left its stable or dock.
Unimpeded food availability can mean a very ill horse. To this end, too, on horse ranches with small domestic birds, hens, ducks or other farm produce, you take extra care to protect their feed from horse ingress. Proper storage of feed and cereals will help preserve the nutritional value and taste of the feed. One of the crucial factors for secure storage is to store the feed in cold, arid places to prevent humidity build-up.
Please also bear in mind that the use of a high-quality feed helps to ensure the long life and nutritious effect of your feedstuff.