Horse Feeding ChartTable for feeding horses
Hayflakes: What for feeding your horse?
They are non-ruminant herbivorous and can consume roughage such as bovine or ovine forage. Unlike bovine animal, however, equine animal guts work in a similar way to humans' guts, where food particulate is blended with protein-degrading peptide pepsine and nitric oxide, which degrades solids. But a horse's stomach is quite small compared to the bellies of other farm pets and can only contain about 10% of the overall gastrointestinal canal.
Due to the restricted gastric capacities a horse should often be given small quantities of food. Unfortunately domestizierte horse are nourished once or twice a days and spends a large part of the daily in the stable without food. Sulphuric acids are continually generated in the horse's belly, so they can collect in the empty belly, cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the belly and ultimately cause abscess.
When the food exits the digestive tract, it reaches the small bowel, where most of the dissoluble carbohydrate or sugar and proteins from cereals are taken up andigested. The food then enters the large bowel, which is made up of ceecum and large bowel. The speed of the small bowel to the large bowel is quite fast, and when a large amount of grains containing a high proportion of sugar solubility is consumed, the small bowel's ability is quickly overstretched.
If high amounts of dissolved carbohydrate reaches the colon, they are quickly fermentated, leading to over production of gases and acids, which can cause colics or Laminitis. To maximise digestion and avoid indigestion, a horse should be given several small dishes throughout the workday.
But do you know how much your horse should be eating every single working day? Of course, the response to this issue will depend on the animal's physiology (whether it is developing, gestating or lactating) and the horse's working state. But let's look at the tipical horse that works 1-3 hrs a week. That' s a joy.
A grown-up horse's average dietary absorption of solids during easy work should be about 1.8% of his total diet. That is, a 1000 lb horse should be given 18 lb of solids per diem. Solids ( "DM") is the amount of fodder that does not contain humidity; the DM concentration of todder is much higher than that of virgin gras.
When you feed 100% of your feed and your feed contains 90% DM (or 10% moisture), your 1000 lb horse should be feeded 20 lb of feed (18 lb DM/0.9) daily directly from the pad. More than 85% of horse breeders who took a poll in the Journal of Equine Veterinary Science have, however, been reported to have quantified the amount of straw that has been fed flake.
Scales with a minimum volume of 10 lb are a must in all stables! It is possible to check the amount of food using grass pellets or coffeepots once you have determined how much each of these weightings is. To maximise food conversion and prevent indigestion, a horse should be given a precisely balanced amount of food, depending on its height, physical condition and workload.
How do you supervise the day-to-day recording of your horse? Descriptions of the horse's digestion system have been largely adjusted from: Parker, R. 2003. Overview of feeding practice, the use of food supplements and horse feeding expertise in a sub-population of horse breeders in New England.