Horse Health CareHealth care for horses
<font color="#ffff00" size="mw-headline">Soins de santé pour les chevaux >
Having a sound health programme will help keep your horse free of illness and make it lead a happier, longer lifetime. A brief review of horse health care is given in this paper. Care that is well thought out and carefully designed enables your horse to lead a longer and more healthy lifestyle. A good horse keeping is founded on the precautionary approach - preventing problems and not treating them.
Therefore it is necessary to include all equine care issues that have an impact on the health and well-being of the horse. Aim of this book is to give a general idea of the health care of equines. A variety of appropriate ways are available to accommodate a horse. But the most obvious way is to keep a horse in the willow.
Grazing equidae generally have fewer illness and behavioural difficulties than those accommodated under narrower conditions. Usually a density of one horse per two hectares is advised in order to preserve the grazing area. Increased densities demand an increased level of grazing control such as cutting, fertilising and rotation of grazing land and may involve additional feed.
Horse grazing must at all times have sufficient protection against extreme meteorological conditions and must have good acces to clear drinking waters. Stables built must have 100 to 150 sq ft per horse using the shed. Fences should be permanent and secure. Wooden or diamond meshes are ideal for horsefening.
Electrical steel strip is a good option for fixing fences or for dividing a meadow for herding. Choosing the best fence depends not only on the costs, but also on the ages and temperaments of the horse to be kept. Doors should engage safely and should not have apertures where the horse could pinch a member or hat.
Further appropriate ways of accommodating equidae are drying plots and sheds. Land parcels with little or no cropland are generally used when no appropriate pastures are available or as part of a rotary pasturing programme to reduce losses to pastures that are either flooded or grazed over. Open batches should be well permeable so that the horse does not stand in the silt.
Managing factor such as restricted pastures, wheather, injuries and the use of the horse may require a horse to be kept in the stable for a considerable part of the time. Stables should be built with health and security considerations in view. Default horse box is 12-foot by 12-foot. These sizes offer enough space for a secure motion of the horse and the dog keeper in the stable and for a comfortable lying down and standing up of the horse.
Stable partition wall and door should be stable and have no cracks through which a shoe could pass. Movement is important for the horse's well-being, both physically and mentally, and therefore it is important that those animals that are mainly kept in stables are given the possibility to move around every workday. There may be restricted participation in the pastures or drying area, manual labour, horse back rides or horse rides.
The right diet is crucial for the general health of the horse. Incorrect nutrition can lead to issues such as cock and kidney disease, paralysis, loss of power and greater sensitivity to infections. In addition to drinking mineral waters, equines need food with nutrients such as proteins, mineral nutrients and vitamines. Nutritional deficiency, excess and imbalance can adversely affect health and fitness.
Considering what, how and how much to breed a horse, it is important to recall that a horse has developed into a fodder eater that grazes for 16 to 18 consecutive hrs every morning, covering long distance. Your alimentary system is best placed to process small quantities of nutrition on a continuous basis, so a horse is happiest when it can almost always munch.
Keeping this information in the back of our minds, the most naturally occurring source of nutrition for a horse is willow. The majority of ripe leisure thoroughbreds, which perform easy to medium-heavy work, get along well on the pastures alone if they have enough pasturing and good fodder on the pastures. When there is no pasturage or enough pasturage available, the second best option is to feed your dog grass with hey.
Usually, when only straw is used as feed, most riders will need at least 1 "Easy Keepers" or those who become over-conditioned or obese in this feed program will need fewer calories. Usually, however, the horse will need at least 1 "Easy Keepers". If this is the case, a riper pasture with less nutrient value per lb may allow the horse to feed for a longer length of without being over-conditioned.
When using straw as a grazing addition, the amount of feed must be adapted to keep the horse in an appropriate state. The horse is regarded as in good physical shape if its rips are not visible but are easy to feel.
A precise estimation of a horse's overall mass can be obtained using a horse elevation band available from most pet shops. Horse feeds on fodder made from gras, straw or a mixture of gras and straw need salts to compensate for their diet. According to the horse's food and condition and performance, it may also be necessary to add vitamins and minerals and/or proteins.
Today, most animal feeding companies are selling vitamin-mineral-protein supplementation for horse feeding. They are low in calories and are usually given 1 to 2 lbs per diem for a ripe horse. Due to the limited absorption capacities, it may happen that the food alone does not cover the nutritional needs of hard-working stallions, expectant mothers, breast-feeding broodmares and increasing youngsters.
If this is the case, the horse should be given a cereal concentrates to complement their diet. Adequate cereal species and quantities should be provided on the basis of manufacturer's advice and these should be adapted on the basis of the horse's physical fitness and training levels. Programmes should aim at decreasing exposures to pathogens and improving pathogen resilience.
In order to decrease the exposition of local residents to diseases, it should be requested that new equidae have a positive test for equine infectious anaemia (EIA, Coggins test) and have been properly immunized and wormed prior to arrival. It is appropriate to take in new equidae and keep them for 30 consecutive days in an isolated stable or poddock to prevent the accidental introduction into the farming community of diseased or infectious equidae.
Insulation should be kept away from local residents. For the care of the insulated horse, special gear and personal staff should be used. Insulated stallions should be looked after after the local stallions. Throughout the 30-day periods of quaternary equine surveillance, horse health should be maintained throughout the day for the presence of infectious diseases.
In addition, any local horse suffering from a potentially infectious condition should also be immediately quarantined. For the care of ill horses, special gear and staff should be used. When there is no own staff available, ill donkeys should be looked after after other donkeys on the yard. Stables housing diseased animals should be thoroughly cleansed, sanitised and emptied as long as possible before being used by other males.
Horse resilience to diseases can be improved by appropriate accommodation, feed, exercise and the use of inoculants. Implants are health care commodities that elicit beneficial immunity reactions and help prepared people to combat infection by pathogens in the near term. Numerous different types of equine and equine immunizations are available.
Specifically, the type of vaccine a particular horse needs depends on a number of variables, such as the horse's age, other horse stress and geographical area. Contact your vet to help you decide which programme is best for your horse. As a general rule, all adults should be inoculated each year against the diseases caused by human tick-borne diseases, EEE and WEE, West Nile disease viruses and hydrophobia.
Horse exposure to other horse during shows, hikes and other performances should also be immunized against flu and horse herpesviruses 1 and 4 (EHV-1 and EHV-4). Again, you should work with your vet to create a tailored immunization record for your horse. The control of inner nematodes or nematodes is an important part of horse health care.
Often the resulting damages go unnoticed until the problem is serious.
Chronic bowel irritations and obstructions may occur due to the appearance of the worms, and the horse may be deprived of nutrition. Unfortunately, there is not a thing that is suitable for all horse and all situation. Your vet should be consulted to develop a programme to combat parasites on your horse or holding.
Generally, parasiticidal programmes should involve appropriate choice and use of anthelmintic or wormatic agents, managerial practice to further mitigate the spread of parasites and assessment of the programme. Deworming must be extremely efficient against the parasites that attack your horse. Have your vet help you decide which deworming is suitable for which horse.
Deworming the right amount must be applied on the basis of a precise estimate of your horse's overall body mass; the use of a body mass band is highly advised. Efficacy of the programme should be assessed once or twice a year by stool tests. The right oral hygiene is vital for the maintenance of a horse in good health, and periodic check-ups should be a part of every horse's health programme.
A horse with good health will be more comfortably fed, use the food more effectively, achieve better performance and probably keep its tooth longer. Frequent tooth conditions in equine dentistry include: severe melting points leading to car body and lingual tears; milk or milk or milk tooth and "caps"; misalignment, incorrect orientation of top and bottom dentition leading to irregular tooth wearing and tooth growth; broken tooth; lost or absent tooth and affected tooth and/or gum.
Unfortunately, many stallions show no sign of tooth decay until it is too early to fix them. Routine oral hygiene can help avoid many issues and allow smaller issues to be corrected before they become serious. Prosthodontic care should start with the foal. According to the horse's ages and use, tooth examinations should be carried out once or twice a year.
More youngsters, achievers and seniors are likely to profit from more testing. Have your vet help you build a suitable oral care regimen. This venerable sentence "No Foot - No Horse" underlines the importance of sound foot health for the well-being of a horse. The right care of the hooves helps to alleviate paralysis and enables a horse to reach its full capacity.
A good care of the hooves consists in keeping the equipment free from sharps that could hurt my horn, to feed a healthy nutrition that optimises horn development and health, to carry out periodic inspections of the hooves and to care for the forge. Horse feets should be managed periodically from inception. In this way, they can get used to working with their foot, and frequently observing them helps nursing staff to identify issues early on.
Generally, the hoofs of a horse must be groomed every six to twelve week by a blacksmith to eliminate excess regrowth and maintain a good equilibrium. How often the horse grows depends on how quickly the hoofs are growing, how active the horse is and which ground it is on.
The overgrown and unbalanced legs of the horse are predisposed to a wide range of conditions, among which throttle, bacteria infecting the leg, hoofline tears and paralysis due to unusual strain on articulations and tenderness. Fogging of the horse is usually not necessary unless the shoe is worn more than the horse's hooves, which leads to sluggishness.
The care of a horse does not have to be difficult. Having a sound health programme will help keep your horse free of illness and make it lead a happier, longer lifetime. Avoiding trouble makes more sense than dealing with it. Further information on general horse care can be found in the learning module Basic Care and Management.