Horse Nutrition and FeedingNutrition and feeding of horses
While our muscle uses both ATP (adenosine triphosphate) as its primary power supply, the way we collect and retain it differs because our diet and our alimentary system differ. When you are like most cavalrymen, you probably better know how your horse's intestines work than your own, and that can be a fault, because as 50% of a sporting relationship, it is important for you to know how to refuel your own physical being.
Let us take a look at the alimentary system of humans and horse and come to a better comprehension of how to keep both at an optimum level. We seem to be sharing quite a bit with our horse at first sight when it comes to our courage. All of us have an oesophagus, a small bowel and a large bowel, and the order in which our diet passes through each of these is the same.
Man, on the other side, is a real omnivore, which means that we will virtually be eating everything. Horse fibre metabolism is central to fibre metabolism and takes place in the large intestine's celium or "fermentation tank", supported by million of useful intestinal pathogens that are particularly good at fracturing the intricate linkages that bind together cellsulose and haemicellulose vegetable fibres and transforming them into less intricate chain carbohydrates that can be taken up through the intestinal mantle.
On the other hand, people have a finite capacity to absorb dietary fibre, as shown by the texture of our large colon. But we have a colony of useful intestinal germs (like almost all mammals) that help degrade other nutritional elements in our diet. Human beings and horse are similar in that their stomach is relatively small, which is only partly to blame for the digestive state.
People pass the mix on to the small bowel before most of the actual digestive process takes place. Inside the duodenum, the first section of the small bowel, glucides and starch are decomposed into sugar, protein into aminos, fat into fat and glycerin by means of an enzyme that is excreted not only by the duodenal wall itself but also by the heart, kidneys and lungs.
The other two parts of the small bowel (jejunum and ileum) absorb these minerals through the bowel walls and transfer them to the parts of the organism where they can best be used, either for immediate use or for storage in the long term. Effective nutritional uptake in the large bowel is very low.
In the case of a horse, the image is somewhat different. A herbivore, its intestines are only adapted for small quantities of nourishment that are distributed continuously over long periods of pasture. Out in the open, up to 16 hrs a days a horse can walk and pasture and take small bites at once. Gastric acids are used to break down masticated granules into smaller pieces and convert the contained carb into easier sugar.
Dietary fibre, the majority of the nutrition, is relatively unaffected. Liquefied manure from the abdomen is fed into the small bowel, where lipid and carbohydrate are digested using liver and pancreas cysts similar to the GI (human intestinal tract).
Horse have no such organs and have to get by with their gall liquid from the liver. Therefore they have to get by. Protein is also treated in the small bowel, dissolves in its compound amino-acids and is taken up via the intestinal canal. However, the colon in a horse is the area where most of the actual digestive work takes place.
Contrary to the anthropogenic method, most of this indigestion is bacterial and not enzymatic. However, the majority of this indigestion is caused by microorganisms. Rough vegetable fibres, which remain largely unaffected by the small intestine's indigestion effort, end up in the first part of the large bowel, the so-called caecum, and are prepared to ferment through the intestinal bacterium. Later, in the large bowel, most of the nutrient they obtain from fodder (hay, willow or other fibre resources such as grass cuttings or sugar beets) is taken up through the intestinal walls and spread as needed.
When a horse is regularly given cereals only in small lunches, its intestinal system functions normally and processes the cereals in the small bowel and the fibre in its nutrition in the large bowel. There is a danger of severe indigestion if he is given an abnormally large cereal food.
The small bowel has a certain pace, like a conveyer and can only handle as much food as it needs to carry its content to the next stop in the intestinal system. Cohydrates that are not completely digested in the small bowel can be put into the fermenting tub of the chees.
Man, on the other he is better prepared to absorb anything that comes in his way when he comes. Some obese North Americans have complained of our genetics trend to prepare for starvation by persistently holding back as much bodily fats as possible, especially when calorie consumption is low. In spite of our changes in lifestyles over the last few hundred years, our human organism is still coded for the festive or fine diets of a migratory fighter who one fine days fills himself with bone and produces a few more grapes until the next succeed.
There is another noteworthy distinction between the alimentary system of man and horse. In contrast to man, the horse has no mechanisms for reversing the peristaltic. When a horse absorbs a poisonous compound, it has no way of displacing it backwards through its oesophagus. That makes a horse much more susceptible to intoxication than a man, although a horse does seem to have much more sanity than we do when it comes to trying toxins at all!
If you and your horse occur together, you both work as sportsmen and burn ATP to promote the work of the muscle, joint and cardio-vascular work. You know, if you've read my nutrition section on a regular basis, we have a fairly good understanding of how to power horse systems: with a diet of fibre that accounts for at least 50% of your everyday body mass, and the inclusion of sugars (from cereals) and possibly fat to deliver focused power for effective exercise.
What about you, the man who' s an Athlete? You will want your own physical condition to have enough power to allow you to horse riding efficiently, to move with your horse of course, to make intelligent choices and to have enough juices at the end of the days to dirty stands, haul piles of bale of hay, haul pails of clean drinking fountains and all the other glamorous tasks associated with taking care of your horses.
It turns out it's not so different to refueling you than refueling your horse. There is less weight on fibre, but when it comes down to it, sugars and fat are still our best source of fuel, proteins are bad (just like horses), and sufficient hydration makes the difference possible.
Drivers do best when they are driven by a carbohydrate-rich nutrition. Indeed, a carbohydrate is the most ergonomic nutrition known - which means it supports or stimulates sportsmanship. There are two main types of carbohydrates: single (sugars such as sugar, saccharose and fructose) and compound (sometimes known as starch). They are both transformed by the human organism into glucogen, a protein found in the muscle and livers that can be transformed back into sugar when needed.
A good source of protein for the production of protein is paste, grain, bread, whole grain (e.g. rice) and pulses (beans). Plain sugars are found in fruit and vegetable as well as sugar-containing food such as biscuits and chocolate candies. Any athlete, including the rider, should ensure that the carbohydrate (both basic and complex) becomes a full 55% to 65% of their everyday food.
Low-carbohydrate diets have a tendency to make you feel drained and tired because your batteries are used up. As in the horse, the main function of proteins in humans is to help the organism form new blood vessels and regenerate blood vessels that have been affected by daily use.
An adolescent young person has quite a high need for proteins, but grown adults only need to provide about 15% to 18% of their total nutrition (two to three servings) with them. The need for proteins does not rise as much even when a seasoned sportsman exerts himself to the extreme. The majority of people are eating much more proteins than their body could ever need or use, so it is almost never necessary to add more proteins to their diets beyond what they normally use.
Instead, it is best to focus on identifying good proteins that are also low in fats. Turkey, seafood, chicken, green peas, walnuts, tofu as well as low-fat milk produce are all proteins of high nutritional value. Even though everyone needs some proteins, the best general principle is this: It is a tightly packed resource of energies that can be used to enhance our performances; it provides the human organism with vital fats vital to maintaining good health and many other organically important features; and it contains the fat-soluble vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin C, vitamin C, and vitamin K, without which our immunity, vision, and coagulation capacity (to name but a few) would be undermined.
One of the major reasons why fats tend to do so much harm to our waists is because they are more than twice as energetic as other nutrition. 1 g of fats provides nine kilocalories of calories of calories, while 1 g or proteins or carb contains only 4 kcal. Bodies tend to assimilate and assimilate them gradually.
Eating a high-fat food before a sporting activity can mean that your system focuses on digesting fats rather than shooting off muscular fibres, so that your plasma is concentrating in your intestines rather than feeding your muscles and your brains with nutrition. It should not be our goal to remove fats from food, but to control them.
Not more than 20% to 25% of our diet should be made up of fats. None of the nutritional substances I have mentioned are more important to you and your horse's physical fitness than normal drinking wells. It performs a variety of roles in the human system, among them supporting the regulation of our indoor temperature, transporting nutrition through the system, and cooling the working muscle.
We become dehydrated without adequate drinking or drinking fluids, a condition that affects almost every system. Too often we neglect to provide our own moisture, especially in difficult, high-stress environments such as horse shows. In order to prevent drying out, you should make it a custom to carry bottles of wine wherever you go, especially in the barns and at riding events.
Do not drink coffees and teas that both contain decaffeine and therefore act as a diuretic (substances that stimulate the loss of fluid in the body). Even though a healthy balance of food should provide you with all the essential nutrients and nutrients you need, even the best of us sometimes get out of hand and don't consume as well as we should.
Maintaining sufficient natrium in your diets is rare a concern, but most dieters suggest that individuals make no tentative effort to reduce salinity; you need to substitute the natrium you are losing to help your system take in fluids, sustain your hydration levels, and help your system stay thirsty.
Of course, the best sources of dietary intake of nutrients are derived from our daily intake of daily foods, but if you're not a big lactation lover, consider increasing your intake of brokerage, cabbage and cabbage leaves. It is a good thing to enjoy carbohydrate-rich food and plenty of additional fluid on the eve of a race, when both you and your horse are likely to make exceptional sporting effort.
Try to prevent high-protein or high-fat food that not only tends to cause unfortunate gastrointestinal problems, but can also cause you an energetic deficiency when you need it most. When you will ride early, take a easy lunch, but when it's your turn later in the morning, take a full-size lunch to feed yourself until the afternoons.
It is also a good suggestion to have an invigorating refreshment within an hours after any exhausting activity (e.g. in the off-road stage of a one-day event); then your muscle will be most susceptible to the replacement of your nutrient loss.