Horse show Jumpingvaulting
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Jumping, also called "Stadion-Springen", "Offenes Springen" or just "Springen", belongs to a group of British horse shows, which also encompasses training, versatility, hunters and horse racing. Show jumping tests for young horses are held all over the globe, also at the Olympic Games. Some tournaments are restricted to show jumping horses only, some show jumping tests are held in combination with other British tournaments, and some jumping is just a section of very large, all-breed tournaments that cover a very large diversity of different sports subjects.
Show jumping tests can be held by various equestrian federations such as the United States Equestrian Federation in the USA or the British Showjumping Association in Great Britain. In the case of competition, the regulations of the Equestrian Federation (FEI, from the Fédération Équestre Internationale's name) apply.
The kind of jumping clothes you see in the jumping stage of a three-day show. Clothing at an activity contains an obligatory bracelet, as shown here, although the bracelet is not generally used. At jumping competitions there are hunting, jumping and hunting seats categories. On the other hand, tests for young show jumpers are assessed in an objective way, exclusively on the basis of a numeric evaluation, which depends only on whether the horse tries the jumping impediment, overcomes it and ends the course in the given period of it.
Jumping horse classes are usually much more complicated and technically than hunting classes, as horsemen and youngsters are not assessed according to age. The hunting community is meticulously involved and tends towards very calm, conservationist horse and equestrian clothing. Knights who take good care of their horse are not rated on the switch, are permitted to carry a larger selection of gear and are permitted to use less traditional clothing as long as they follow the regulations.
Formality is always a priority; a good horseman makes a good showcase. Besides huntsmen and jumper there are also riding lessons, sometimes also known as hunting riders, which assess the rider's aptitude. Equipments, clothes and fences used in equestrian sports are more similar to hunting categories, although the parcours' difficulties can be more similar to jumping.
Jumping tests for young horses are conducted over a course with obstructions such as vertical, spread, dual and threefold combination, usually with many curves and changes of course. Aim is to leap neatly over a given course within a given period of it. Timeout errors are evaluated when the timeout is exceeded.
Jump errors occur in knockdown and flagrant insubordination, such as rejections (when the horse stands in front of a wall or "runs out") (see "Modern rules" below). The number of cancellations is restricted before a horse is denied. Rejection may result in the driver to exceed the permitted times on the track.
The rankings are determined on the basis of the smallest number of points or "errors". Horse and riders who have not collected any jumping mistakes or penalties should have achieved a "free round". Bound records usually have a jump-off over an elevated and abridged course, and the course is time-limited; if the records are bound for mistakes that have accrued in the jump-off, the quickest gain will be the first.
For most contests, horsemen are permitted to take the starting course, but not the jump-off course (usually the same course with missed dives, e.g. 1, 3, 5, 7, 8 instead of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) before the contest to schedule their vault. Going the distance before the race is a way for the horse to go the distance he or she must go to determine how many steps the horse must take between each leap and from which area.
A deviation from the course costs a lot of a lot of time if smaller mistakes are made and larger deviations lead to disqualifications. It is not only the width and heigth ( "spreading") of an obstruction that is increasing, but also the technological difficulties increase with narrower curves and short or uncommon gaps between the fencing. Sometimes a horse has to leap from an elbow and not over it.
A course builder could, for example, create a line so that there are six and a half steps between the steps (the default value for a gallop step is twelve feet), so that the horse's pace has to be adjusted drastically to reach the equestrian's range. In contrast to show jumping tests for young horses that rewards calm and elegance, jumping tests for young horses demand audacity, width, strength, precision and controllability; velocity is also a key element, especially in jump-offs and competitions for young horses (when timing is important in the first lap).
In the first round of the competition, the riders and horses have to circumnavigate the course without delay. Once the horse/rider pairing has successfully completed the first round, the second round begins, the so-called "stabbing".
The driver must be able to schedule a jump-off in advance because he must be very fast and have no mistakes. In order to be able to win this lap, the driver must be the fastest and still not refuse or cancel any jumping. Jumping is a relatively new horse riding discipline.
Up until the entry into effect of the Inclosure Acts in England in the eighteenth-century there was little need for a routine jumping of a horse over a fence, but with this act of Parliament came new challenge for those who followed foxhounds. That means that those who wanted to do their sports now needed a horse that could overcome these barriers.
The first tournaments in France saw a procession of participants who then set off across the field to jump. However, this was not a favourite among the viewers as they could not keep up with the jumping. So it didn't take long before the fencing appeared in an arenas for the matches.
The year 1869 was the year in which'horse jumping' gained in importance at the horse show in Dublin. 1 ] Fifteen years later leading contests were introduced to England, and by 1900 most of the major shows had leading courses. There have been special courses for ladies who ride in side-saddles. During this period, the main European horse jumping academies in Pinerolo and Tor-di-Quinto in Italy, the Lyon Royal Jumping Club in Saumur in France and the Vienna Royal Jumping Club in Spain favoured a very low saddle with long stapes for jumping.
This type of horseback ride may have felt safer for the horseman, but it also hindered the horse's liberty to use his physical strength to the degree that it was necessary to overcome great obstructions. Caprilli, an ltalian equestrian teacher, inspired the jumping community with his concepts that promote a front stance with short stapes.
It put the horseman in a posture that did not affect the horse's overall equilibrium when overcoming obstruction. Although the low saddle in training stile is designed for level horse back training and in situations where horse controllability is more important than mobility, it is less suited for jumping.
England's first big jumping test took place in 1907 in Olympia. The majority of the participants were members of the army and it became clear in this contest and in the following years that there were no uniform regulations for a game. There were no fines for rejection before 1907 and the participant was sometimes asked to miss the gate to please the onlookers.
Most of the first places were constructed with little fantasy, many only consist of a simple pole picket rail and a dock. A similar need for domestic jumping and other riding regulations in the United States in 1917 resulted in the founding of the America Horse Shows Association, now known as the United States equestrian federation.
In 1900, an early type of jumping was included in the Olympic Games. Jumping in its present shape was published in 1912 and has enjoyed great success ever since, also because of its ability as a popular audience sports, which is well suited for TV.
In 1925, the initial listing of errors in the United Kingdom was as follows: Rejecting or leaking from any fence: Footstep into the dive: When a horse with any number of legs ends up in the water: 4Error However, no mistakes occurred if the elevated bloc was beaten down in front of the waters.
Once the dives were at least 5 meters across, although the waters often ran out of them during the last jump. The high jumping started with a bar about five foot high, which was later given up because many ponies went under the bar.
Sentences weren't computed until 1917. Since then, various different associations with different categories and regulations have developed. 2 ] The umbrella organisation for most of the big jumping events is the Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI). 3 ] The two most frequent kinds of punishments are jump punishments and sentences in terms of jump.
Jumpin' punishments: Jumps penalty are evaluated for rejections and killdowns, with each rejection or killdown contributing four errors to a participant's points. Punishments for crackdowns are only applied if the crackdown changes the width or hight of the crack. A horse or horseman who pushes over a lower or centre splint while still overcoming the level of the obstruction, provided that the splints are directly under the upper splint, will not be penalised.
The punishments are imposed on the open waters when one of the horse's legs touches the ground or the blank band that marks its bounder. When a track is placed over the centre of the sea, there are no disturbances when landed in the sea. Rejections are now punished with four mistakes, compared to three.
In recent years, the RDI has reduced the number of rejections from three to two, and this norm has shifted from the top stages of the RDI show to other stages of the show in the US, but in places like Australia, lower stages (usually below 1.15m) may still have the 3 rejection and excretion rules.
Any rejection that destroys the jumps integrality (running into the gate instead of jumping it, moving stakes, goals, flowers, or large lumps of lawn or dirt) will not get four errors for the knock-down, but the four errors for a rejection and an extra punishment while the jumps are paused for repairs or replacements.
Any rejection within a combo ( "a row of two or more fencing with one or two steps between each element") must skip the same combo. Timeliness: Historically, a shared scheduling policy was a 1/4 second fine for every second or split second over the permitted one.
From the beginning of the 2000s, the FEI amended this principle so that every second or every split second over the permitted period results in a punishment (e.g. at a permitted period of 72 seconds, a period of 73.09 seconds would lead to 2 timing errors).
Rejection in one of the combined jumping events results in the horse having to replay the whole row of obstructions in the given order, not just the rejected one. A horse can therefore easily skip "A" and "B", but has a rejection at the third gate (C), then the horseman would have to go back to the hopping gate "A" and give the horse a second opportunity to reject or beat down "A" and "B".
So if each of the three fencing is hit in a threefold combo, the driver gets 12 mistakes (4 per fience, instead of 4 for the whole obstacle). Jumpers use a very forward facing British caliper, usually the "close contact" pattern, which has a front cover and a lower edge and fit than calipers for general, universal use.
The design allows the equestrian greater mobility in the jumping posture and a short stapes, making it easier for the equestrian to sit on the horse. Others saddle, e.g. for training, are meant for horsemen with a low saddle, can obstruct a horseman over large fencing and force him into a posture that can restrict the horse's movements and bring the horseman in a dangerous way behind the horse's movements.
On the other hand, show hunter and rider horsemen often use "adapted" fleecepads that have the same form as the pad. The harnesses differ in style but usually have a contours that provide space for the horse's elbow, and many have stomach protectors to keep the horse's bottom from its shoebuttons when the front feet are firmly in.
Fringes can be used with any type of bridle, and there are few regulations regarding the degree of weight of this outfit. However, the floor panel at the show has the right, on the basis of veterinarian advices, to reject a piece or bridle if it could cause damage to the horse.
Nearly all stallions and compresses are carried by almost all of them, as they can slightly hurt the feet when they land or when cornering tightly. Open chord boot is usually carried on the front of the horse because it protects the tender chords that run down the back of the horse's foot but still give the horse the feeling of feeling a splint when it gets uncautious and its feet are hanging.
Ankle boot can sometimes be seen on the hind limbs, especially to avoid the horse meeting itself in narrow curves. The martingale is very popular, especially with Grand Prix stallions. Most of the jumper are rode in Martingallen, because these offer the greatest liberty over fencing.
While a upright Martingail (a belt directly attached to the horse's nose strap) is common among show jumpers and can be useful to keep a horse from tossing his skull up, it can also be quite hazardous in the case of a trip, as it prevents the horse from using his skull to restore his equilibrium.
This is why vertical Martingale are not used in jumping or events. Chest plates are also used to keep the horse in place when he walks over large railings. Riders' clothing can be slightly less formally than that used for hunting. However, an ASTM/SEI certified bridle coat with belt is always necessary and a convenient requirement to secure the rider's skull in the intrusion.
Authorised contests usually involve wearing a black overcoat ( (although USEF regulations allow tweeds or washdowns in the USEF season and bright colours are currently fashionable), a bright (usually white) Pied Piper dress and either a collar or necktie.
Glove, mostly dark brown, are optionals, as is the braiding of the horse's thighs. The Grand Prix: the highest standard in show jumping. According to the regulations of the International Federation for Equestrian Sports (FEI) the horse will jump on a distance of 10 to 16 obstructions with a height of up to 1.6 m and a width of up to 2.0m.
The Grand Prix show jumping tournaments are the Olympic Games, the World Equestrian Games and other international tournaments. The Grand Prix jumping is usually known as the five-star rule of the Concours de Saut International (CSI). Six-beam: The horsemen are jumping six railings in a line. Most of the fencing is evenly spaced, the first one is the lower and every other one is higher than the previous one.
The horse is either punished or excluded from the race if it throws down a splint. At the end of each round in which more than one participant goes "clean" or is bound for the least number of mistakes, the six railings are increased for each additional round until there is a champion. Sometimes, when there are several jumps, the last fencing can be lifted to well over one meter.
This is an activity where the exhibitor chooses his own course, each barrier being awarded a certain number of points depending on the level of complexity. Whoever collects the most points on the course within a fixed period of timeframe is the first one. Jumping where viewers are betting on which horse wins through an online bidding where the highest bidder will have the sole option of betting on a particular horse.
While the precise mechanisms vary by regions and cultures, the viewer betting on the winners usually picks up all the wagers and then shares the wallet with the holder of the victor. Maids, novices and limit: Jumping only for ponies with less than one, three or six victories.
The fencing is usually lower and the deadlines are more extensive. Parcours: Two similar tracks are built in a separate stadium, and two dressage ponies are jumping over the tracks in a single timing event. The only difference is that when the horse makes contact with the vault, it is regarded as four mistakes.
Jumping railings are often colourful, sometimes very elaborately and artistically designed, especially at the highest level.