How many Calories does a Horse need

What calories does a horse need?

the calories for different types of hay and feed. What calories does my horse need per day? CALORIES: HOW MANY CALORIES DOES A HORSE REALLY NEED? What is the best way to determine the right amount of calories per horse?

Calorie count in horse nutrition

In their own diets, how many of you have been counting calories? Most of you are probably at least used to the concept and that it provides your bodies with power. The calorie is actually a measurement of the amount of power provided by the foods we consume. This is the fundamental thermal power element, i. e. the amount of thermal power needed to increase one ounce of groundwater by one centigrade.

Every creature has an energetic need. It is the aim for good physical condition (and good weight) to compensate the food gained in the process of nutrition with the amount of food the human organism needs. {\pos(192,210)}You know, "Calories in/out. "The same goes for your horse. Each animal needs a certain amount of energetic power for essential bodily tasks such as heartbeat, bowel movement, indigestion and maintaining bodily temperatures.

It is this conservation status of power that counts as basic conversion. Generally, when we are referring to "care" stages, it usually means a ripe horse (not growing) that is not in any work, breed, reproduction or under any kind of meteorological stresses. However, this is not very real, because as we all know, there are "easy keepers" and "hardkeepers" with very different "maintenance" needs.

In fact, this amount of conservation power is really related to your height and predisposition, e.g. a 17-handed whole blood has a higher power demand than a relaxed Shetland dock. Lastly, in 2007, the National Research Council (NRC) upgraded The Nutrient Requirements of the Horse and added three stages of "maintenance": high altitude (think tough to keep), intermediate altitude and low altitude (think simple to keep).

Now that we have determined what levels of care our horse has, we increase to this value the amount of calories (energy) that you can use with the "extras" such as movement, kennel, aging, wheather and any other factors that can affect the amount of power needed to reach optimum horse control.

This is why the NRC has added various "activity levels" to its update: Figure 1: Finding out your horse's energy/calorie needs looks like this: The degree of preservation of a normally ripe horse plus its old age ( is it young? old?) plus its active body height (see above table) plus or minus for metabolic (hyper? quiet?) corresponds to the calorie requirement, also known as "the amount of calories it needs to thrive".

It is similar to man, for example, it is generally recognized that the mean grown female can have 2,000 calories a night and keep her body in shape. When she has a low metabolic rate and is a slow speed baked potatoe, she has to feed less or she will increase. Horse are so much taller, they use far more calories every single night than people.

This is why we in the horse kingdom are measuring their needs in terms of calories (kcal) and mega-calories (Mcal). We have 1000 calories (kcal) in a mega calorie (Mcal), but for better comprehension I will also cover calorie levels in this paper. Internationally, it becomes all the more interesting because the whole planet is home to the IU ( "International Unit") of Megajoule (MJ) and Kj ("Kilojoules").

Here is where it usually gets bewildering for some horse owner with whom I work. Talking about horse nutrition, we are referring to digestible energies (DE), which are expressed in terms of the number of calories per kg of fodder (Mcal/kg). Since not all of the nutritional power is available to the horse, we need to look at what is actually going to be absorbed (not excreted).

It is not surprising that a horse's indigestible demand for food (or Mcal per kg of feed) depends largely on its physical mass, metabolic rate and level of exercise. Use the following formula to assess the day-to-day alimentary needs of an ordinary horse for maintenance: The numbers are obtained by multiplying the horse's physical mass by the amount of power needed to hold one kg of the horse's physical mass.

You can see why I'm always talking about knowin' your horse's height! If our horse were to be used as an example, it would be a random check of this equation: 0333 would need about 15 Mcal (15,000 calories) per diem to keep your total weight. Taking into account pure metabolic and low service (simple holders) would increase the mass by 0. 0303 and those with tougher holders would increase the mass by 0.0363.

Averagely, a more athletic horse needs 20% more power than an idle horse to keep its balance. Thus, if we take into account our level of activities, it becomes even more clear how much these "other" determinants affect energy/calorie demand. As you can see, the very energetic horse needs TWO times the amount of calories per days as if you were not in work!

If you want to try it with your horse, the calculation formula is as follows: A horse's total body mass in kg (pounds / 2. 2) x metabolic rate x exercise rate = DE (mcal) per diem. As this article is about calories, I will keep the debate about DE down to the letters "D".

My aim for this paper is to help you better comprehend how your horse's calorie consumption depends on the many different issues we have been discussing. Also, I sincerely hopes that you can use the above calculation and diagrams to help you assess the calorie consumption of your horse's actual nutrition and whether it is sufficient for his needs.

These are some of the calorific readings of ordinary fodder and whole grain: Here are some popular food labels and their calorie levels per lb. So, weight your horse, calculate the activity level (Table 1), pull out your calculator, calculate its calorie requirement using Diagrams 2 & 3, calculate the calories in your food (Tables 4 & 5), then sum everything up.

It' really so, and I was hoping you would do it so that you could comprehend why your horse is getting too thick, or getting too thin, or puttering out before the end of your hike or lessons, and how it is associated with calories.... PLEASE NOTE: You should be weighing your food in lbs to use these graphs, so here's another graph to help you find out if your shovel is in quart.

When you do not use a spoon (coffee pot?), you must weight the amount of food you are feeding on a scales!

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