Proper Horse NutritionCorrect horse nutrition
Producers of horse food for horses for commercial purposes are legally obliged to place information about their food on a "feed tag" which is either affixed to the pouch or directly overprinted. It provides important information about what the horse will eat. Most horse lovers either do not fully comprehend or do not take the liberty of reading this information.
Here we will review your horse's dietary needs, general dietary rules to follow when you feed your horse, and how to assess whether your horse's needs are being satisfied. It is important to recognise when horse food is fed that there are six fundamental types of nutrients that must be met: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral nutrients and waters.
In many cases, animal food manufacturers will compensate the first five nutritional substances for us. An ordinary, well-behaved horse consumes 5-15 gal or more of fluid per diem, according to body weight, body weight, body weight, body weight and body weight. Every single day you should provide the horse with fresh drinking and drinking tapwater, which should be available at all time.
Where this is not possible, the horse should be soaked at least twice a day and should take several min uts each day. Failure to consume enough drinking soda makes a horse more prone to diseases such as dehydration, bowel problems and other types of ailments. Like the other five nutritional elements, the horse's nutrition should be defined on the basis of its needs.
The demands vary from person to person and are affected by the horse's physical weight, ageing, workloads, and metabolism effectiveness. A very useful ability is to look at a food label and see if it meets the needs of your horse. Let's look at each nutrient class that you will come across when assessing your nutrition programme.
In all likelihood, this will be the biggest part of the horse's nutrition. Most of the dietary fibre the horse consumes (hay, grass) contains structured sugars. The horse can digest these thanks to the shape of its gut. Once the horse has reached the gastrointestinal system, the gastrointestinal system, the horse's intestines, which consist of caecum and intestines, contain the horse's gastrointestinal matter.
Caecum and large intestine contain micro-organisms that are able to break down structured sugars into an energetic resource that the horse can ingest. That' s why a horse gets so much nutrition from grasses and hey. Feeding good amounts of good straw is important because straw that is too ripe when pruned has little nutrient value for the horse due to the increased amount of a compound named lignin.
For the horse or the intestinal germs, lignin is totally undigestible. We have many different varieties of grass that you can select from, and we will also be discussing grass with regard to other nutritional elements. Feeding mould and dust-free straw that is trimmed to an appropriate length and degree of ripeness is important.
The horse's own intestinal system digests non-structural carbon hydrates readily, especially in the small bowel. This sugar and starch are found mainly in cereals (i.e. maize, wheat, cereals, barley, etc.) and give the horse a more compact source of protein than structured carb hydrates (therefore the word "concentrates" is often used to refer to cereals and cereal mixtures).
It is important to recognise, however, that the horse's alimentary system has developed in order to provide a rough-and-tumble nutrition. Therefore, a horse's nutrition should be feeded on the food it eats and the concentrate should be complemented to cover the horse's need for food which cannot be provided by feed alone. A horse should always be given at least 1% of its total food intake in the feed (on a solids basis) and should preferably be given 1.5-2% of its total nutrition.
Reduced fibre intake can cause problems such as colitis and sore throat. proteins: Many horse lovers hardly understand this nutrition. Proteins are necessary for the development and preservation of many parts of the human being. Therefore, the amount of proteins that can be synthesised by the human organism is restricted by the amount of amorphous organic acids that actually precipitate first.
This is usually the case for a horse with pure water soluble content of lysine. Therefore you will see a printed amount of proteins on many horse food sacks and it could also be called "added lysine". Essentially to improve overall proteinaceous performance without raising the overall amount of proteinaceous content of the food. It is advantageous to improve your proteins without raising the overall amount of proteins.
There is a widespread misunderstanding in the horse industries that a higher level egg white is associated with higher levels of power. Actually, proteines are the most challenging sources of equine power to help the horse absorb them and transform them into useful power. Therefore they are a very restricted power supply for horse. Nutritional needs for growing and maintaining a healthy body depend on your ages and workloads.
Generally, increasing numbers of horse need a higher amount of proteins than increasing numbers of ripe horse. As a rule, a horse in full bloom needs between 12-18% raw proteins in its nutrition for proper bloom and proper performance. Horse need more proteins when building tissues for proper nutrition (i.e. young horse in fast stages of nutrition, pregnant mare in the last quarter and breastfeeding mare who need to make large amounts of milk).
Ripe stallions will perform well with a lower proportion of proteins (8-12%) according to the work load. Intensive trainers need more proteins than foster riders because they develop muscular tissues. Most of them will do well with a 12% proteinaceous food. Providing higher than required proteins to a horse means that the horse can easily break down the surplus proteins and excrete them as carbamide in its own bladder, which is quickly transformed into ammonia.
That is not desired, as the surplus of Ammoniak in stable animals can cause breathing difficulties. Also, it is important to realize that the concentrated product is not the only place in the horse's nutrition where it gets proteins. Feed is also a major contributor of proteins. The selection of straw should take into account the horse's need for proteins and straw should be chosen to satisfy this need.
Greases: The practise of dieting rich in lipids is a relatively new development in the horse world. Horse nutrition has been shown to be relatively rich in lipids. Grease is an outstanding and easy to digest food for the horse. Commercially produced feedstuffs which are not complemented with extra lipids contain approx. 2-4% lipids.
A lot of commercially available animal fodder is now complemented by fats in the shape of stabilised oils. It is important when putting fats on a dietetic basis to ensure that all other demands (e.g. proteins, vitamines, minerals) are fulfilled. The addition of fats to a food will increase the energetic value of this food, so the horse will need less of it.
It' s important to ensure that all other nutritional elements are high enough to suit your horse. Normally, commercially produced fodder will be in balance to cover the horse's need for each and every nutritional substance. But if you are going to increase the amount of fats in your horse's food by just adding some kind of extra food or grease to it, it is important to be sure that you are fulfilling the demands for other foods and not just your nutritional needs.
Vitamin: Vitamin are vital organics. There are two types of vitamin. Hydrosoluble group is composed of B-complex vitamin (B1, B2, etc.) and fat-soluble group is composed of vitamin A, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin C. Vitamin B1 has its own name, e.g. thiamin.
It' s important to control your food and ensure that all your horse's nutritional needs are covered. A deficiency of these vitamines can cause various physical disorders in the horse. It is also important to know that even excessive amounts of these vitamines are not desired, especially in the case of fat-soluble vitamines.
As a rule, water-soluble vitamines are not saved in the human organism, and excess is eliminated in the bladder. Liposoluble vitamines, however, are easily absorbed by the animal's fatty tissues and can therefore accumulate in high concentrations when overfed. Too high a vitamin level can cause poison.
It is therefore important to exercise good judgment when eating high vitamin supplement feed. A good feed programme in combination with a well worded concentrated feed will in most cases deliver sufficient vitamin intake to satisfy the horse's needs. Mineral nutrients are non-organic substances that must be present in sufficient quantities for the human organism to be able to function correctly.
Another element found in dietary complements on the shelf of animal food and glue storage is mines. Importantly, it is important to realize that the amount of nutrients required varies with the horse's condition and ages (i.e. when the horse is working, pregnant or lactating). The majority of horse fodder manufacturers will attempt to achieve a balanced diet that meets the nutritional needs of the various horse classes.
In some cases, for example, it has been demonstrated that the addition of bio -tin, zink and brass to the above mentioned requirement improves stiffness of the hooves. Therefore, caution should be exercised when adding excessively added mineral substances to commercially produced feed. When your horse does not get a commercially available concentrated feed or does not eat much of it, it may be important to add extra vitamin and mineral supplements to its feeds.
You can do this by adding a dietary supplement known as a diet balancer. Ratio BALANZERS are produced by many animal food manufacturers and are formulated to be supplied at a low levels (about one lb per day) containing the essential nutrients, essential for a horse: the vitamins, vitamins, minerals and proteins. You can also cover your needs for vitamines and other minerals with a freely selectable mixture of salts, vitamines and mineral salts.
Horse are not effective leak detectors and therefore block salts do not work as well for horse as bulk mix. Minerals are generally less than 5% minerals and over 95% salts, so they do little to meet the horse's need for vitamins and minerals. Detached vitamin-mineral pre-mix or dietary balance is a good choice for grazing horse.
When you offer a bulk mix, a general rule of the thumb is that equines consume 1 to 3 z per day. 3 z per year. They are important in order to provide food for stallions, which are primarily adjusted to the nutrition with complete feeding. A frequent parameter you will see when looking at a food pouch is the calcium-phosphorus balance.
But since the granules have a very high phosphorous content, however, commercially produced feedingstuffs are usually complemented by a supplement of calcium. An important aspect is to verify that commercially available feed and vitamin-mineral premixtures have a calcium-phosphorus balance between 1:1 and 2:1. Feed of individual granules, such as an oat, may result in an inverted calcium-phosphorus relationship if there is no supplementation of some kind.
A further important minerally view is the perspiration of your horse. Horse that are in mediocre to intensive work and perspire strongly lose some electrolytes in their perspiration. It may be necessary to add extra salts and extra electrolytes (e.g. potassium) to these equines. If necessary, a balance blend of Electrolytes can be added to the horse's granular blend.
Now we have reviewed the five major diet ranges that you will find on the diet labels and some handy recommendations that you should consider when considering your nutrition programme. Nutrient needs differ from horse to horse and it is important to be able to study a diet label and evaluate whether or not that diet meets your horse's needs.
Producers usually put label led diet advice to help purchasers decide whether the food is suitable for their horse and how much of it should be given to each one. It is however advantageous to be able to look at a particular food and see why it is a good option for your horse or not.
The most detailed dietary needs for those wishing to take a closer look at their nutrition programme can be found in the National Research Council (NRC) Horse Programme Guidelines (Nutritional Needs for Horse 2006 edition 6). It lists the estimated nutrient needs of a horse on the basis of a horse's ages, workload and health condition as well as the nutrient value of different seeds and heaths.
On this website, you can choose the horse's ages, weights, statuses, and work-load (under "Animal Specifications") and identify its dietary needs for macro -nutrients (see chart below) and vitamins and minerals (under "Other Nutrients"). It also allows you to choose certain feedingstuffs and other feedingstuffs (under "Dietary care" - click on "New" to switch feedingstuffs) to see how much of your horse's needs are covered by this particular feedingstuff or mixture of feedingstuffs (you must enter the weights of each feedingstuff consumed).
To give a brief example of how to perform manual computations when a ripe horse weights 400 kg to keep its own balance and fitness when not training, it needs about 504 grams of proteins (according to the latest NRC guidelines). When the horse eats 1.5% of its total height in Bermuda grass, it eats about 6 kg of grass per diem (400 x 0.015).
Mean coast Bermuda grass hoes have a raw material content of about 10.4%. Multiplying 6 kg by 0.104 results in 0.624 kg or 624 grams. In this case the horse's need for proteins is covered by the feed. Another example: If the same 400 kg horse is working at a very intensive rate, it needs about 804 grams of raw proteins.
So if the horse eats the same 1. In 5% of its total mass in Bermuda grass Bermuda Coast, it is 180 grams of proteins (804-624) scarce to cover its needs. Therefore, a concentrated (cereal) must be provided to compensate for the differences, and/or higher level proteins (i.e. alfalfa) can be used instead of coast bermuda grass (special note: if you allow the NRC computer programme to compute the food intake, a particular food is provided, it is often calculated slightly lower than when calculated manually).
As a result, this results in loss that is hard to calculate manually. The manual calculation, however, still gives a fairly precise estimation as to whether your nutrition programme will meet your horse's requirements). Part of the calculation of whether a feed system satisfies a horse's nutritional needs can be done with practically any food (including the digestive energies provided mainly by sugars and fats).
It is this procedure that assists in determining whether the horse's needs are being catered for. As a rule, commercially available animal feedingstuffs offer advice depending on the horse's body mass, height, age as well as level of exercise. Those advice is an NRC recommendation and is predicated on the diet they use. Understanding your horse's dietary needs and being able to put this information into practice is important.
There are many legends about the horse feed practices that have very little or no true. It' s important to be aware and fully understood of how your horse' s needs are being catered for.