Stud HorseHorse Stud
Female studs are generally used for further stud stock but male studs can be used in crossbred programmes  Both stud stock genders are frequently used in synthetic stud stock programmes. The stud is a facility for selectively raising livestock  This leads to man-made selections.
The stud money is a prize that the holder of a feminine pet, such as a horse or a canine, pays to the holder of a masculine pet for the right to herd. From a small amount for a small locally bred unidentified males to several hundred thousand US Dollar for the right to be bred to a full-blooded racing horse such as the Storm Cat, which has made stud dues of up to $500,000 USD.
A lot of premium stallion breeders also provide a living foaling warranty with a stud, which is usually guaranteed that as soon as the filly has left the stud, it is certified as pregnant by a vet, gives mother to a filly that is standing and caring for, or that the stud will re-breed the filly in the following year without stud fees.
The majority of stud fee does not contain the charge for the accommodation of the females at the site of the mating animals or the charge for the collection and dispatch of the sperm if artifical fertilization is used instead of living mating. Possible veterinarian or medication are also extra charges for the owners of the females.
Superheroes: in the mysterious race horse breeders' paradise | Sport
It is a city run on costly horse meat and inexpensive liquor. "One-horse city with 3,000 horses," as the locals say. In many ways, it is a gloomy city, where stables employees on the least pay horse services valued at tens of hundreds of thousands for men (and I assume a few women) valued at million, or billion in the case of Sheikh Mohammed, sovereign of Dubai.
He is also in a certain way the master of Newmarket with his huge Darley stud and his 2,000 hectare stud-farm. It is the history of a wonder horse, Sea the Stars, a sports, a horse race and an horse breeders' sector. There are some of the special features of motorsports that need to be clarified first.
The shallow and the diving (also to further disorient the non aficionados named National Hunt) are two twig. Shallow races are the traditional sports of royalty (now sheiks and rich British and US consortia); leapfrog races of peasants and people. Nonchalant fans of motorsports used to rave on the flatrack, but now they seem to choose to jump: less corporative, more approachable.
This apartment, a favourite of many in sports, ceases to be fascinating. However, this past midsummer he had a stroke of luck - Sea the Stars, one of the greatest thoroughbred of all time and the best racer in Europe in 40 years. And the trick is that after having won six very prestigous consecutive rounds, among them the 2,000 Guineas, the Derby and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe this months, he is now in retirement.
He' s won more than 4 million in prizes and could probably do it again next year, but he's a stud and can potentially make a lot more at the stud than on the track. For him it makes economic sense to retire at the top, so that the apartment loses its new heroes, just as a broader public has become cognisant.
This does not occur in jumping races: if the horse stays in shape, it can continue until around 12 noon. However, Flatracing is an addendum to a multi-national, millionaire breedingbusiness. There' s a giant sculpture on a traffic circle as you walk into Newmarket, and it doesn't show a race horse in full swing, but a stud standing up next to his tram.
They are all three-year-old British classic riders and are intended to show which are the best of the breed. With the increasing commercialisation of the breed, with huge sires like Darley and the Coolmore in Ireland, motorsport has become in many ways second only to the production of professional sires.
This is one of the reasons why the general population, which knows motor sports but has no interest in breed, is detached from it. The Sea the Stars, which belongs to the affluent Tsui from Hong Kong, will be at Aga Khan's Gilltown Stud in County Kildare, Ireland. It will ( "the courteous name for horse traffic") provide for at least 100 broodmares per year; the owners of each filly are likely to be paying around 75,000 for the privileges, so they will earn at least 7.5 million pounds per year.
But he could mate 400 of them if the owner wanted to work for him. A lot of studs hibernate in the south of the world, especially in Australia, to feed mothers. An esteemed colt whose offspring perform well on the racetrack is a cash mashine. It' s no wonder that the sculpture at the outskirts of Newmarket is more of a stud than a race horse.
Studs play for the highest stake. It' s a hot, sunshiny, quiet afternoons when I get a visit to the National Stud, on the outskirts of the July racetrack of Newmarket, from stud clerk Rachael Gowland. This national stud was once in the possession of the state and was used for breeding horse for cavalries.
There are four (soon to be five) studs, the best of which is a jumper named Bounty Bay. To get him to mate your filly would be £10,000, a small part of what Sea the Stars will charge or what Coolmore's top studs - Montjeu, Galileo and Danehill Dancer - would throw you back.
My highlight of my stay at the National Stud is a rendezvous with Silver Patriarch, a beautiful gray who won the St. Leger in 1997. After an unsuccessful breeding stallion breeding period, Silver Patriarch has now left the stud. Its offspring were not global champions, and when that happens, the mare owner will look elsewhere.
"After two or three years - if your two-year-olds don't run well or don't have good annual prizes - there will be a fairly high proportion of them. "Some of the studs start breeding horses for a few thousand and end up doing it for a few hundred pounds.
Cultivating a sea of stars is based on a little scientific research and good fortune. Prosperous breeder plays the numbers pack, have as many good broodmares and produce as many top quality offspring as possible in the hopes that one or two Group One events can win - a sign of performance that will make your horse a product because others want to grow from it.
Of course I want to speak about sexual intercourse, and when Gowland shows me the shed at the National Stud, I tell her that I need a full explanation of the sexual act. Fortunately, horse-like females are totally ruthless. Incubation takes place from mid-February to June. When the veterinarian determines that the filly is ovaulting, it is taken by a stud that only accommodates fillies to the stud of the stud in which the studs are standing.
She often has her last year' s filly with her (a "foal on foot", in the beautiful race phrase). There can be a tea sire in the stable whose task it is to inspire the filly; the filly itself; its filly, sometimes locked up, sometimes only kept; the colt; handler for all its horses; and sometimes the owners and the dam's families, who watch from an elevated position.
During the incubation period the sexual lives of the stud run like a charm. That'?s tough work for the stud and the team. They arrive, are vaccinated (studs are possessed by the risk of disease), have their tails tied, they wash off, have a large set of shoes on their hind hoofs if they step on the colt ("A step in the eggs can put him out of commission for 10 nights and that can be a cost," he says,
" I am said to be with a stallion), has put on a cowhide to prevent the old teasers from biting her, is "bounced off" by the old teasers (who carries a huge cone to prevent costly catastrophes) and is then assembled by the sire.
"They' ll even be tired of foaling a mare. "The National Stud used to show a footage of a cover for guides, but has now retired it. "All of this loud, steaming gender could be prevented if the growers accepted AI. AI would allow top quality broodmares to be impregnated not by hundred but by thousand broodmares, which would potentially result in a disastrous reduction of the genetic stock.
It is undeniable that this would result in a drastic decrease in contribution margins. A Sea the Stars seed is 75,000 pounds more because it is only available to about 100 select broodmares each year. A stud-proprietor even opens up the possibility of selling bags on the side roads of Newmarket.
When the National Stud embodies traditionalism, the Darley is the embodiment of the world' s richness and ambitions, each stalk of gras cultivated to perfection thanks to the efforts of a million Sheikh Mohammed. The breed has undergone dramatic changes over the last three centuries, with owners giving way to large-scale farms such as Coolmore, which have been pioneers in the field of commercially bred horses since the mid-1970s, showing how much can be earned from them.
As a result of the financial crisis, motorsport has been affected and blood component pricing has dropped by 30% or more in the last 18 month, which has led to a decrease in stud fee, but the revenues of winning studs can still be enormous and the top of the class is more robust than what could be described as the subprime end.
I' m at Darley, the father of Sea the Stars Cape Cross, to see the stud's Director of Sales, Tania Henry-May, and Jocelyn Targett, who advises the stud's sales strategies and sponsors. Targett, a former Observer assistant journalist who moved from magazine to Sheikh Mohammed 12 years ago, says you should only consider the first four years when evaluating a stud.
He will be well liked in his first year and will probably mate 120 females, and he will probably do well in years two, three and four. However, as soon as his offspring run, his value lies in the laps of the gods: if they are not good, the stud money of the stud is sunk.
It is estimated that Sea the Stars is valued at 100 million - a number that has been frequently cited in the press in the last two weeks - are, as he proposes, pipe dreams; it will all come down to how his heirs work. "It may not be of any value this fifth year, or it may be twice as valuable. We have many dressage stallions whose value surrenders to this point.
We have many specimens of retired ponies who did not perform so well in the fifth series and are no longer in use. He was a great race horse, very handsome, very much appreciated, went into breeding, was very loved, but then ceased to be a good sire.
This does not mean that he did not produce good ponies, he just did not produce enough to keep his reputation and name. He' s at the Korean Stud now. Sadler's Wells, who withdrew from the stud last year due to decreasing fruitfulness, is the biggest father of all time. "He had a great talent for getting better than him.
I' m giving you the guaranty that Sea the Stars won't get a horse as good as he is. That' s not the least of his chances, but if he gets many foals that are almost as good as him, he'll be fine. "When it comes to discipline, it'?s the only way for scientists to go.
Likewise, an excellently breeded horse can be of no use when it comes to the course. "Yes, there are commercial practices and there is a lot of cash at stake, but everyone is beside themselves with pleasure in their work. That is what I have in community with Tania, and that is what we have with a large group of men who have been raising horse for 17 generation, and with Irish peasants who always keep a mamma.
" It is a gratifying picture, although Morris complains of his penchant for "making a horse a stallion" in order to earn well. "He says no stud will be great without good broodmares. Target acknowledges that although the studs make all the news because they are the moneymakers, the mother is just as genetic and the foundation on which good "families" of racing ponies are made.
Sea the Stars' mum is Urban Sea, who won the Arc in 1993 and is the mum of another Epsom Derby champion, Galileo. Dead at the beginning of the year, shortly after her rebirth, her genetics will continue to exist through innumerable whole-blood generation, especially if Sea the Stars can keep up with Galileo as a great father.
"Mothers are often overlooked," says Targett, "because a colt can have a hundred mares a year, while a filly can have one. "A few get-togethers later, I take a cab across the Curragh, the great plains of County Kildare, 30 leagues southwest of Dublin, home of the game.
Like almost every Irishman, the cabbie is horse crazy and points to the tombs of various well-known mounts and the stud from which Derby champion Shergar was theft. We' re talking about Sea the Stars, the indigenous fame who spends her last few nights in the stables of coach John Oxx before going to the stud.
"That', says the taxi driver,'is the problem with the shallow ponies, you can't see enough of it. "There has been a constant flow of travellers to Oxx's court to pay tribute to the champ, and a group of France motorsport enthusiasts are there on the days of my vist. The Oxx dinner menu is lined with race fans' covers and tickets.
"Many only congratulate," says his woman Caitriona, "but others tell John what to do with the horse. "Curiously I look at one on the stack who pleads for Sea the Stars not to retire, a choice for the Tsui familiy, not the humble, understated Oxx.
Anyway, he is now very interested in the horse being on its way. but now that he's done and is leaving us, you'll be glad to see him go. "Oxx is no longer even galloping when he tosses his horseman and heads towards Kildare City; more than 50 million pounds of horse meat to avoid the coaches.
He' a smart horse, and I wouldn't say that about most of them. "My encounter with Sea the Stars, when you tell the facts, is something of an anti-climax. It' just one of those one-of-a-kind race rehearsals. The Oxx declares that the race horse judges place him somewhat under a fistful of great old horse, but that their formulas are inaccurate.
"Math can be uninspired and often does not allow the real dominance of a horse. I' ve got one last stop - at the Irish National Stud, where Sea the Stars was raised and where his mother, Urban Sea, was living and passed away in March. Managing Director John Clarke leads me through the 1,000 hectare large estate and presents me with the last Urban Sea filly that grazes on a meadow.
He is sired by Invincible Spirit, the top stud of Irish National Stud. He' was borne for size and, according to Clarke, looks even more stunning than Sea the Stars of the same year.