The English SaddleEnglish Saddle
For non-riders, the most important distinctive mark of an English saddle is the absence of a bugle. However, some acoustic saddles, such as those used for distance rides, also do not have a bugle. Another important property that distinguishes an English saddle is that it has panels: these are two cushions fixed to the bottom of the saddle and stuffed with felt, expanded plastic or compressed oxygen.
The English saddle has its own upholstery and, with the right fit, does not need a saddle cover to provide protection for the horse's back like the westernsaddle. Even though some contemporary designers have created alternate saddles, the English saddle is usually designed on a frame known as arbor.
It is made of timber, sprung iron or composites and rests the horseman on a strap between the fixed knob (at the front of the saddle) and the cape (at the back of the saddle). This is the hanger on which the horseman attaches the stapes which is a very thick strap of either genuine hide or synthetic material carrying the stapes.
On the underside of the trunk, there are several other very sturdy leathers or belts made of polyamide, known as the truncheons, on which the belt will finally fasten - the belt-like belt that keeps the saddle on the saddle of the horses. Cushioned with a cover of hide, fabric, nylon or microfibre, the boom and its various parts are formed so as to make the top seats and the bottom panelling.
English calipers have a double side valve, which is named after the valve, in additional to the seats and inserts. Situated between the rider's side and the horse's side, the hatch prevents the saddle pad from trapping the saddlebags. It is also cushioned on some riders' backs to provide protection or comfort to the rider's thigh.
There are small but significant variations between the English saddle style. Most important are the position of the chair and the length and form of the lid. The saddle used for a sport in which the horse is seated more straight with a longer foot, such as training, has a valve that is longer to pick up the foot and less tilted forward (since the back of the knees do not have to go forward).
In addition, the driver's position is nearer to the front of the vehicle in order to keep the driver's centre of mass in the right place. The saddle length is proportionally shifted forward and reduced in those events where the horse needs additional supports, such as show jumping, and the saddle length is shifted further backward.
Bouncing saddles have a short and forward facing valve compared to training saddles, with the saddle slightly more leaning. Otherwise, if the door was not tilted forward, the driver's leg would be hanging over the door. Unless the driver's saddle was pushed back, he would be pushed over a railing in front of the saddle.
An unbelievably brief jockey saddle has an extreme front and front tailgate (almost more horizontally than vertically), and the saddle is lengthened very far from the knob to keep the rider's centre of mass correct. Paddling is also taken into account in the development of a saddle.
Whilst a saddle with a minimal amount of cushioning is designed to give the golfer great latitude to turn and grab his shots, a saddle used for show jumping or general purpose can have more cushioning to help the driver hold over hedges.