Therapy Horses for SaleHorse therapy for sale
Fillies - mares Stallions. We' ve got horses for every rider.
Therapeutical horseback rides offer around 5,500 mostly older horses a second job - and a second chance". It' a good life for the right horses, in the right people. It is the 10th weeks of a 12-week term, and the big mare begins to show a behaviour that is acceptable when she is with her flock, but totally inacceptable in the school.
It seems to be unimpressed by the stereotyped baby on his back, although it does occasionally trigger a deafening cry that makes most horses dance to the side. How does one stallion act in a stress setting while another shows a Zen-like posture? What are the tensions and fears in so-called therapeutical equestrian programmes?
Clearly, handicapped people, young people and grown-ups profit from the various different types of activity and therapy that come under this heading....but what does it do for the vault? From a historical perspective, people had a profound and enduring relation to horses, not only as partners in our work, but also as inspirations in the arts, as well as in myths, musicians and poems.
Indeed, our use of the equine as a workhorse is perhaps the most evident but least interesting part of the deep and enduring connection we have had with this intriguing being. Horseback riding's therapeutical value was already proven in 600 B.C. by the orb base of the old Lydia.
Only in 1875 was the first systemic investigation of Therapeutical Horse Racing recorded. Having prescribed Chassaign to treat a wide range of diseases, the doctor came to the conclusion that horseback rides are useful in the management of certain kinds of neurologic palsy. 1946, after two polio eruptions, equine therapy was launched in Scandinavia.
It was led by Liz Hartel, an experienced rider suffering from the paralyzing sickness. She was able to go with a crutch after the operation and physiotherapy, Hartel was decided to go back on horseback. Equestrian meetings, monitored every day, restored her muscular power and co-ordination. Currently, more than 600 horseback therapy programmes are members of the Denver-based NARHA (North America Training for the Handicapped Association).
NARHA, established in 1969, sets occupational policies, security and health care regulations as well as the education and accreditation of trainers and therapists for the expanding area of horseback based activity (EAA) and therapy (EAT). Therapeutical horseback rides can be advantageous for people with bodily, mental or cultural handicaps in many ways. There is a good bond between a horseman and her colleagues, the equestrian and the therapeutical staff, which offers possibilities for the furthering of confidence and personal progress.
Horseback-riding activities include a variety of horseback activities. Hipotherapy - a surgical procedure in which a physiotherapist or ergotherapist uses the horse's movement for specific therapy. Therapeutical horseback rides - a specifically qualified horseback trainer provides horseback rides for people with a disability.
Although this is not a therapy from a legal point of view, it can have a deep and multifaceted benefit a psychiatrist who is licenced and recognised and works with an accordingly recognised specialist in horses. In many cases this includes riding lessons, care and other preparatory work (non-riding customer/horse interaction). Further handicapped persons can participate in riding, exercising (vaulting on horseback) and participate in competitions at the Paralympics, as well as in competitions at national, European and even national level.
Regardless of where or with what intention, the horses are at the centre of the action. In the United States alone, an approximate 5,500 horses are involved in equine therapy programmes. They come for therapeutical horseback rides from many different origins and with different background.
"Only a few humans can allow themselves to keep a stable that can no longer be used for its primary purpose," says Dr. Stephanie LaFarge, ASPCA Counseling Services and a NAHRA accredited coacher. "However, the alternative is expensive egotism, or worse: slaughtering for the money from the flesh and bone of the horses.
Equestrian enthusiasts want to find a calm, peaceful workplace for their horses. One way or another, many of these proprietors turn to horseback therapy programmes as an alternative. Various criterions are used in the selection of horses for Therapeutical Equitation. "If we are given a stallion, we do a phone screen first," says Sally Eaton, programme co-ordinator at the Pacific for the Disabled Association in Langley, British Columbia.
"We' re checking the horse's previous education, how it has been managed, what kind of work it has done in the past, what work - if any - it's doing and whether it's healthy or not. "Horses that passed the first meeting and sometimes a home call come to the complex for a probationary time.
Does the stallion remain quiet when he is cared for, stapled and assembled? Interacts with other horses in a positive way? Usually horses that do not complete the probationary phase are given back to their owner. In case the equine was part of the therapeutical programme and is retiring due to old-age, affliction or behaviour, it can be adopted by an external group.
"Leas says, "We want there to be a good correspondence between owners and horses, so we do a thorough backdrop review, inviting the potential adoptive to see and ride the horses, observing them together, observing whether the individual who wants to sponsor them is well-informed, checking credentials and getting detail on where the horses will live and how they will be cared for.
And if it doesn't work, we'll take the steed back and try again. "In general, there are no unsuitable horses in therapy equestrian centres that are put down or slaughtered. Of course, it is in the best interest of the institution to carefully select and take good charge of the horses.
For the horses that passed the test and participate in a therapy programme? According to the plant, these individuals have to fight with one or more of the following stressors: To have to overcome the inherent instincts or workout in order to equalize the difference in each driver. As a result, a stallion can become unbalanced and hurt his back over the years.
Managing different behavioural patterns of different voluntaries, rather than the usual consistence of individual possession. Bad flock dynamic, whereby one of the horses is permanently annoyed by the others. "Looking at the stresses of horses in therapy, we have to realize that some of the same stresses they have to cope with occur in any environment," warns Michael Kaufmann, head of training at NARHA and a former member of the American Humane Association of Horse Abuse Investigator School.
"For many horses housed in one of the best leisure facilities in the land, being lonely in a stable is an unhappy world. "Much of this strain, says Kaufmann, is less due to deliberate negligence or misuse than to the hands-on horse care practices that people have evolved and adopted over the years.
Unfortunately, the Act does not help much in the definition of what kind of psychological harm is done to horses and does not even recognise the effects of it. In fact, many scientists are still arguing about whether pets can even experience considerable levels of distress. Place a supplier of rodeos, a New York coachman and an Olympia horseman in the same room with an employee of a equestrian ambulance group and they will have a vivid fight about how everyone sees and interprets the stresses of horses.
Their horse events are completely legitimate and each one has the capacity to cause considerable distress to the cattle. The majority of educated torturers are afraid of wide claims and prefer to look at the single birds and their signs. Unfortunately, these investigators' thumbs are often tethered because the state' s anti-crime legislation limits the safety of horses (and most animals) to the most essential foods, waters and shelters.
There is little the law does to determine what kind of accommodation, education and management corresponds to the real behavioural needs of the horses. It is often difficult to say the term "human", which is often used in judicial proceedings, in the case of horses. There are many bit, whip and exercise equipment in the whole nation, for example, which are legitimate but not considered by many equine professionals to be people.
In many equestrian centres the therapeutical relation is monitored so that the equine customer profits as much as the customer. In Green Chimneys, a long-established boarding academy for vulnerable adolescents in Brewster, New York, the personnel avoids distress by giving the horses enough to graze and ride to make a movement cognitively from the ring.
" Dr. Leslie Moreau works in Boerne, Texas, only four working day a day a week. We constantly check how well our horses and customers work together. She would like to pursue her work by accompanying research by Johannes S. Odendaal (University of Pretoria, South Africa), Richard Meadows and Rebecca Johnson (University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine) using accurate methodologies to show chemistry changes that appear in man and wildlife when the human-animal relationship is present.
Lea's hypothesis is that there are several ways of manifesting themselves in horses used for therapy: Bite or step on handler, sidewalk or other horses. Held on the floor and almost slain by another stallion before entering the therapy centre, Gopher disappeared inside himself - as if he didn't want to attract publicity so as not to be reattacked.
Gopher opened up with soft handling, thorough training and a better nutrition, began to interoperate with his carers and the other horses and had a successfull therapeutical equestrian careers. He not only did that, but he also pursued his therapeutical carreer on his own when he withdrew from the centre to become the mounts of a young woman who was scared of galloping.
While the following may not always be true, these are some of the things to consider when assessing whether or not horses are properly cared for. Are the horses suitable for the job at hand? Are the horses given sufficient breaks and/or holidays between working hours?
Will the horses get additional TLC through the support of interested and educated voluntary workers? Are the horses taught by employees and/or voluntary training to keep them mentally and physically fit? Are the horses taken on horseback or, if possible, to another place to stimulate them physically and mentally?
Will the horses be kept in the most unspoilt state possible? Stressing can be caused by the pains of a friction pad, a belt that is too narrow or an inverse set of teeth. Do the horses have to be regularly visited by veterinarians, dentists and farriers? Therapeutical equestrian centres invite you to visit. Avoiding behavioural stresses in horses is largely a self-regulating and conscious exercise.
At some centres, poor education and poor finances for those working with the horses can cause aggravation. At the same time, the more people appreciate what is necessary for the horse's comforts, the better the horses are able to do the things that others so deeply mend.
So, is therapeutical horseback rides good for horses? "If it would harm the horses, I wouldn't remain in this field," says Dawn Nelligan, a leisure and NARHA trainer. "It is only exploitative if we take the view that the stallion should only work, and it does not make any difference whether he is ill or injured, scared or angry.
" LaFarge of the ASPCA says: "It would be an irony if the calm, post-retirement activity a female equestrian enthusiast was looking for for her riding animal would turn out to be very stressing. "In the end, it is up to those to whom the horses seek nursing to ensure that they live a happier, healthier and more stress-free life.
Authors note: Not all establishments promoting Therapeutical Equitation are NARHA-accredited or have NARHA-certified coaches. If you are looking for a equestrian centre especially for therapeutical horseback rides, you should ask for the NAHRA-registration. A free-lance journalist, poet and life-long equestrian enthusiast, Melissa Crandall lives in Quaker Hill, Connecticut.