Training Bits for HorsesWorkout bits for horses
Bits selection for riding and training horses
Recognizing the difference in bit design and understand some of the important principals of using bits provides a sound foundation for the selection of bits. In the following section we explain the different kinds of bits so that the rider can find out which one is best suited for his equid. The bits are intended for horsemen who use a rider by pressing a rider into and around a horse's jaw.
It is used to regulate the velocity and motion directions. The choice of teeth is determined by a number of different criteria, such as the equestrian lifestyle and traditions, the skill of the horseman, the quality of the horse's training and the use of the horses. Cattle horses, for example, are usually rode with one arm on the rein, with a kerbbite.
On the other hand, hunting horses are usually rode in ring bridles and led with two arms on the rein. The choice of bits also varies due to skill variations between horses and horsemen. Unexperienced or mistrained horses can be bewildered and react to the nature or level of stress of a few bits.
Similarly, some drivers exert undue force or they exert force at the wrong time. This leaflet is intended to help the novice driver select the bits. Recognizing the difference in-bit construction and understand some of the important principals of using bits provides a sound foundation for choosing bits.
The reader is urged to pursue their training by getting practical instructions from skilled experts and to read and view the numerous material designed for the training of horses. In this way, drivers get a better insight into the training processes and how the use and choice of bits can help them achieve their driving objectives.
The following are some of the most common words used to identify bits. Bar: The part of the nozzle between the shaft and socket. Dental headpiece is set so that the rods lie on the lower part of the horse's jaws - the lower part of the gums between the front and rear dentures.
The gums are also called the "bar" of the horse's muzzle. The bosal is shaped to encircle the ridge of the nostrils and the lower jaw of the horses. Because of their appeal to young or unexperienced horses, bosal hoeing is popular. This is a common name for a Bit that exerts kerb or lever action.
Fractured mouthpiece: Mouth piece of a set of teeth that is articulated near the centre of the mouth piece. Chinstrap: This is a belt made of either genuine leathers or chains that is fastened to the legs of a cerb... It' placed under the horse's jaw behind his snout. The chinstrap is the lower limit of the thrust when the reins are pressed against the curbs.
The most equestrian organisations demand that the straps are at least half an inches wide and fit flush against the pine. The normal setting allows the loosening of the cheek press when the rein is loosened. As the strap is longer or looser, the less sudden and intensive compression is exerted. Bandage teeth:
Some kind of denture with mouthpieces and shafts.
The curb structure is designed to exert different pressures on the reed, lip, rods and palate with the help of the strap and headpiece under the jaw and above the horse's forehead. This is the area on the back of the horse's skull.
Headpiece and nosebands to put downward and downward thrust on the back of the nostrils. Nosebelt with kerb tape and foldable side panels. Hackamors put a lot of nasal and maxillary force. One of the primary functions of a mechanic chopper is to decelerate or stop horses, as the construction restricts side pressures even when a sole reins exerts them.
Nosepiece: That part of the dentures that is on the horse's lips. Usually bits have a unique nozzle. It is placed in the horse's jaws to rest on the tip of the horse's throat. In most cases, the headpiece is set so that the jaw is placed so that it slightly touches the horse's jaw where the top and bottom lip join.
This opening exerts downward force on the lingual region and, if it is high enough, on the palate. Larger opening sizes allow less contact force on the reed.
This is the external part of the bridle bits that are used to place the nose piece and to attach the head piece and leash. Fluctuations in the ring diameters and the form affect the positioning and depth of the pull-action. Thigh:: Sidewalls of a kerb. The top shafts run over the nozzle and act as a fastening point for the headpiece and kerbstone band.
The lower shafts reach under the nose piece and are used as a fastening point for the rein. The chisel design allows for different lengths and angles of the shafts. Bridle: Some kind of denture made of mouth piece and ring. Bridle mouths are most often joined together in the centre.
For this reason, kerb chisels with articulated mouths can also be called a brush, although the chisels actually work with kerb edge pressures. Real bridles are designed so that the head and bridles are fixed to the outside ring of the horse's muzzle. The bits exert a direct force on the nozzle.
Snaffles exert tension on the lingual region, the corner of the oral cavity and the jaw. Sturdy mouthpiece: It' a non-jointed nozzle. Massive nozzles have rods and openings that change the amount and the area on which the force is exerted. The bits are designed to change the position, intensities and types of pulls.
Several of the most important ways in which bits in the design can be varied to change the print are listed below. BiBalance: Changing the position, weights and shapes of the shafts and mouthpieces results in a bit-balance of the curbs. Belts that are designed to significantly reduce the force when the reins are let go are called "overbalanced". "Bits that keep up the unbridled force are called "balanced" or "underweight".
" The balance can be defined by placing an unbound byte on the finger located under each end of the nozzle. If the lower legs of the bits are hanging forward from the nose piece and the top legs, one is overweight. Underweight when the lower legs are hanging behind the mouth piece.
Since it is preferable to have a drop in bit count when not cuing, most bits are constructed to be overbalanced. Bits are rarely used and then only by seasoned horses and by seasoned horsemen. A bridge part of a mouth piece can either stretch directly from the legs to the opening or lift upwards and forwards.
Increased height allows more space between the mouth piece and the horses mouth. The most bits are made of steal, metal or aluminium. A number of shafts are either carved or lined with noble metal to maintain an atheist value. Nosepiece diameter: Though there are smaller and bigger mouthpieces, the diameters vary between five sixteenth and three quarter inches.
Mouth piece elevation: Spacing from the bottom to the top of the connection or the middle section of a nose piece. Harbours with a height of 2 1/2 inch or more can exert downward pressures on the top of the mouth and should not be used by unexperienced horses or unexperienced horsemen due to the fragility of this area.
Positioning of the mouthpiece: Seen from the side, the angular relationship between the opening and top shaft positions. The mouthpiece is usually placed from the opening and top shafts, which are in line with each other, to the opening in front of the top shafts by about 20°-30°.
Form of the mouthpiece: A number of mouths are turned, curled or levelled to cause fluctuations in printing intensities. The portform can vary from keeping the form of the mouth piece in round mouth piece bits to flattening, rolling or covering. You can flatten the top of the opening backwards to increase the force on the reed or to change the bits' weighting.
The connection width varies to take account of the difference in the height of the switch support. Porthöhen varies to take into account the difference in reed weight alleviation and top palatal weight. Usually, top shafts are 1 to 2in. long. There are, however, some exemptions for the top and bottom shaft length.
If you look at the bits from the side, the shaft location will vary from the shafts designed in line with the nose piece to the locations where the lower and/or upper shaft is inclined behind the nose piece. The bits are one of the most important checkpoints when horses are being used. Awareness of the horse's behaviour and the training rules for changing behaviour must be taken into account when choosing and using bits.
Several of the most important training principals related to the use of bits are listed below. It also encourages the reader to read OSU Fact Sheets F-3915, "Training Rules for Development Safe Horses ", to add the following. Biting is a continuous training program that trains horses to take bits and react correctly to bits over time.
containment pressure: Kerbs with a longer, lower shaft in proportion to the shaft length increases the compression by raising the tensile force. Differences in the mouth piece pattern intensify the contact force on certain points of contact. Containment of use: Curbstones are primarily used to decelerate or stop horses with lever action and to lead horses with the help of a collar reins.
Curbstones are used on horses that have been previously exercised to react to direct bridles and cervical reins from previous training with bridles and/or hackamors. Long ropes are used for riding on the floor, which are fastened to a ring bridle. Leashes are guided through a bite gear or nut to guide the train from the dealer to the horse's jaw.
Handlers lead the horses with the help of the ropes, while they stand several meters behind the horses. Before the first ride, horses can be stopped, supported and guided with immediate pull. Bottom riding is used in young horses to apply teeth force and also as a strengthening device in older horses.
Like in other riding exercises, unexperienced riders should be given practical instructions before the first attempt. Like bridle bits, they are used in the training of young horses in the cattle sitting sport. Bals are used to a smaller degree on older horses, as many shows of horses demand the use of curbstones on older horses.
Hoechamores restrict the side traction in comparison to bridles, even if only individual reins are used. The most effective use of hackamore is in horses with prior training and not as an initial heel. Printing intensity: Aim of the bitterness training is to help the rider to react with as little as possible force to a certain work.
Therefore, the queues should press as few reins as possible. The printing power is increased when a previously laid reins is reinforced. See OSU Leaflet F-3915, "Training Principles for the Development of Safety Horses". The use of large quantities of compressive strength when responding to a rider will increase the incidence of unwanted reactions by the rider and limit the rider's capacity to perform extra work.
Unexperienced horses should be exercised in bits of light strength and straight compression, instead of bits that increase or lever the compression. Depressurization:: The use of individual long duration printing periods promotes resistivity and the prevention of keywords. Therefore, the use of Bitdruck should be short-term and immediately followed by a phase of releasing.
In case more clean impression is required for the armouring, an extra tension and trigger force should be used instead of the extension of the startingqueue. In the early part of the training horses are used to the teeth and learn to react to reigns before horseback rides. Getting to know a stallion takes place through several meetings during which the stallion is restrained with a bridle bite and the bite can be worn for several consecutive hrs without a bridle.
A second goal is to educate the rider to react to curb pressures. The first is to bind the bridles to a bite gear so that small quantities of force are exerted on the horse's jaws until the animal reacts in an acceptable manner. Bending pressure: Wrestling bridles exert immediate contact force from the bridles to the horse's muzzle.
The majority of ring bridles have articulated mouths to increase the downward thrust on the rim. It increases the capability to draw sideways and thus directly steer the motion by deflecting the horse's helmet. Compression is increased by using smaller nozzles or by rotating or rotating the nozzles. Bridle use: Unexperienced horses are trained to react from the immediate move of the rein.
Juveniles or novice horses are often required to be strengthened after the reaction of the animal to a first indication. Bridles exert a single push, draw directly and, when used properly, are gentle enough to be used with regular fortifications. The British equestrian technique allows the bridles to be used continuously throughout the horse's life.
The majority of shows in the West require older horses to appear in kerbstones. However, because of the benefits of the bridle effect with regular reinforcement, bridles are often used as training equipment throughout the entire service lives of westerns. Further information on bits can be found in the lesson "Learning Bits".