Western Bits for Horses ExplainedExplained Western Bits for Horses
Dentures are one of the most important parts through which we interact with our horses and seem to have an infinite number of possible varieties that can be frightening for any use.
To find the right set of teeth for a particular stallion is in part a question of trying and making mistakes, but with the training the trainer can limit the possible options and have a better understanding of how and when to use certain teeth. You can use our Bitsearch to find a particular Bit by name, or look through the different classes of bits in the menus.
Bits are the biggest group of bits, which act without lever effect directly on the angles of the mouths, tongues and jaws and pull the forehead upwards and forwards. According to the chisel size and form, the effect of bridle bits can vary from gentle to strong.
Bridles have their name from three different parts of the teeth: the joint (or joints), the cheek/ring and the mouth piece, and are grouped accordingly. The bridle chisels can be almost any of these three element combinations in use. Another big class of bits is the kerb.
The bits have a shaft fixed to the mouth piece, which is held by a necklace under the mandible, which increases the effect of the reins. They are stricter and need a delicate contact to be used properly. Specific kinds of curbs (often also known as Weymouth's) are used in conjunction with a thin brush bite, the so-called bredoon, to create the bradon, which is considered a distinct group.
Belts of the Peleham class can also be used with two rein kits, but are fixed to only one of them. Traditionally, the Peleham looks like a kerb bite with an additional ring on the mouth piece, so that the bite can be used as a bridle, a kerb or both, according to where the bridles are located.
We' ve added other bits with more than one mounting point to this class, although they are not necessarily regarded as Peleham bits. This includes multi-ring bits, the so-called elevators bits, the Kirberwick and the BOOKER. Although they may look different, they work according to the same principles as other pieces of Peleham. Last class of bits we are looking at are the gags bits.
The bits look like bridles, but have two openings through the ring for the added aid reins that provide downward lever action. Besides images and detailled information on each of the bits, we provide you with information on what different bits mean and how you can select the best one for your needs, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the different bits available.