What is the best Feed for HorsesWhich is the best food for horses?
Food should be the foundation of any kind of feeding for horses. Every concentrated feed (sweet food, pellets or cereals) should make up for defects in the feed. A feed can turn out to be an adequate total food for a grooming mare, while the same feed has an insufficient amount of proteins, which is necessary for a weaning animal, or an insufficient amount of power for a sportsmare.
Horses have developed into permanent pasture and feed for 14 to 20 hrs a days if they have the time. It has a surprisingly good digestion system for the intake and digestion of food. Since the foundation of all equestrian nutrition should be feed, particular emphasis should be placed on the nature and qualitiy of the horse's feeding.
Grazing grass and pulses as well as grasshoppers can differ considerably according to the kind of food, the ripeness of the plants and the place of cultivation. In the formulation of a feed supplement concentration it is often necessary to produce totally different mixtures for pulses (such as lucerne and clover) or grass ( such as meadow grass, fruit grass and coast grass).
If the feed is a blend of gras and pulses, a feed concentrates containing less than 50% pulses is appropriate. Fodder selection can be restricted in many parts of the countryside, so that horses may have to feed horses that may not be perfect.
Once the feed has been selected, however, the choice of the kind of concentrates should be less demanding. Further important criteria for the selection of a feed supplement are the feed quality, the aging, the amount of work and the reproduction state of the horses. A grown-up stallion who does little or no work and has neither gained or lost weight should be in care.
Nursing horses have very low requirements in terms of body and therefore very low nutritional requirements. Indeed, if a grooming horse has a good willow and a good balance of minerals for horses, little more can be needed. For horses that keep their weights well on gras and/or straw alone, but use corn to tempt the horses to come into the stable for inspection every single working day, a feed that is laid out for one to two pound a days is perfect.
These low-consumption foods are great for horses that do not need additional power to keep their body mass, but need a nutrient supply that can be inadequate in their feed (e.g. selenium). If a foster stallion has a difficulty maintaining body mass, a concentration may need to be supplied in an amount of more than two pound (0.
It is not a specific, strongly enriched or high in proteins diet. While horses are able to live without the extra food, these ingredients should be added to feed for optimum nutritional well-being. The right diet is more important to the broodmares than to any other horses, as it affects not only the filly but also thefoals.
Therefore the provision of adequate caloric intake is an essential part of mare feedings. Admittedly, the growth in nutritional requirements may not be as high in the first two terms, as the foetus only increases about 35% of its foal mass, but a healthy and healthy nutrition will deliver nutrition that can help ensure a healthy foetus and healthy nutrition.
However an increase in proteins, energies, vitamins and mineral substances may be necessary as soon as the filly has reached the last quarter of gestation. Specifically developed for brood mares, they are the most suitable because they are tailored to the mare's specific needs. When it does not take in enough food to get into the breast and its own food, it will take in enough of its own nutrition.
A young adolescent equine reaches 90% of its adulthood age. Nutrition of the filly should provide enough nutrition for the development of bodily tissue. But when the filly is three month old, an increased part of its food consists of food and the feed concentration it can grab from its mother's feed pan.
The crawling should be fed with a feed specially developed for the foaling foals. The majority of essential fatty acid (which are the components of proteins) can be synthesised by the human organism, while others have to be provided through food (limiting). It has been determined in human beings and other animals which limit the number of immune cells, but is not clearly definable in horses.
As soon as the filly is weaned it is important that the filly has a good supply of the limited amount of aminos in the feed. Different food proteins have different formulations of aminos. Soy flour is an ideal resource for the production of basic fatty aminos such as lizine and is therefore widely used in commercially available feed.
Soya flour is used as a food grade feed for fillies. As a rule, foal feed is richer in proteins (16-18%) than feed for grown horses. While some foods provide the horses with a lot of proteins (with vital fatty acids), the quantities are varied. As an example, lucerne is usually about 18% egg white and lucerne meadows often up to 26% of the time.
Part of the increase in the amount of available proteins in nurseries that is seen in annuals after early summer is due to the increase in the amount of available proteins in their diets. But blades of grasses have a tendency to contain much less egg white. As an example, the percentage of proteins in Timotheus and Küstenbermuda are six and five, respectively.
Gras s- and lucerne mixes are well suitable for the young adolescent horses who have little or no contact with the feed. It is important for the foal-fed grass-whay to get extra proteins from another spring, such as a feed supplement developed for young horses as they grow up. Even though proteins can be restrictive for good development, they are not the foal's only nutrient requirement.
Enough mineral and vitamin supplements are indispensable for the correct skeleton growth and nutrition. Too much phosphorous in food, for example, can disrupt the uptake of lime, leading to hypparathyroidism (severe brain disease). Comercial blends try to solve the riddle of providing the appropriate amount of mineral and vitamin supplements in proportion.
If other seeds (e.g. oats) are added by the equine owners to a commercially available mixture, they disturb the feed's nutritive state. Feed specially developed for colts is usually powerful because the filly has such a high demand for nutrition but cannot use large quantities of concentrates. As a rule, a food developed for the mature equine animal is phrased in such a way that it provides the necessary nutriments at a higher intake.
This kind of feed would not be suitable for young horses as they would not use enough of the basic nutritional substances, but only enough power. At the end of the year a youngster will have reached 90% of his adulthood mass. In yearlings, the need for proteins, diamonds, and mineral substances is still higher than in adults.
Younglings can feed more than weaners, but still need food that is more focused than food for grown horses. Typically annual fodder contains 14 to 16% egg white and is enriched similar to the extract developed for brood mares. The balance of nutrition, especially with regard to the supply of nutrients and mineral nutrients, is particularly important during the year, when many symptoms of orthopaedic disorders (DOD) such as epiphysiitis and dissected osteochondrias (OCD) occur.
If a youngster starts to train, the owner and manager must recognize that the youngster is still growth. Well-balanced proportions of food containing vitamin and mineral substances help to minimize the stresses caused by these changes. In addition, a sufficient nutritional profile is indispensable, as a greater loss of muscles is a physical result of work.
What is the number of horses running and jumping over a tree trunk just for fun? Power requirements are rising on a large scale. Horses' bodies are well suited for the storage and mobilisation of various nutrient sources such as fibre, starches, sugars and fats. The fibre is often ignored as an energetic resource.
Horses' alimentary tracts are laid out to obtain food stuffs (dietary fibres). Millions of germs in the ceecum and colon absorb the dietary fibres and generate enough power for the horses to use. As soon as VFAs get into the blood circulation, they can be used for immediate power generation, converted into blood sugar or saved in lipid tissues (body fat).
It is not generated very quickly and is therefore suitable for medium to low intensive work. Corn and sugar are fuels that occur in large quantities in cereals and sugar syrup. It is immediately used or saved in the livers or muscles as glucogen (long chain of glycose molecules).
It is more readily available and is transformed into heat faster than VFAs and AF. Corn and sugars are particularly important power resources for intensive work such as speeding, but are suited for all types of work. Additional food fats in the shape of oils or animals are another resource of nutrition.
One of the advantages of eating fats is the concentration of the sources of nutrition. Grease can be supplied in smaller quantities than cereals with the same amount of calories. It also seems that horses that have added fats to their food adjust faster to the use of fats as an energizing resource than horses without them.
There is much more calories of oil available from the fatty deposits than the glycogene one. Therefore, any energetic substratum saved in such large amounts can be used advantageously. It is the capacity to use grease for calories that allows a hippo to survive the whole year. A little bit of power comes from fibre metabolism, but much is provided by fats.
Lipometabolism is relatively sluggish, so it is not the first form of storage of energy that a racing horses will use, but can be switched on in the last few hours of a run to give the horses some stamina. Proteins can also be used as an energetic resource, but are not the perfect one.
When enough proteins are provided in the food for the metabolism of the bodily tissue, the residual proteins can be decomposed into a kind that is used as an source of energie (glucose or fat acids). During the energetic use of proteins, the disadvantage is that the decomposition of the proteins leaves behind the amount of nitrate as a by-product.
Excessive proteins lead to higher absorption of moisture, higher urine and higher levels of thermal fat. As a rule, the first two are not a big deal as long as the horses have enough available fresh air, although the amount of nitrogen in a stable can be very high. Usually the rise in thermal output is small, but can lead to a situation in a heatstressed equine.
Generally, surplus proteins are not necessary for the achievement horseman and can be harmful in some cases. As a rule, sufficient egg white is obtained from a high-quality mixture of gras or grass/legumen and a mixture of 10 to 12% egg white cereals. However, the tougher the horse works and the more challenging its performances, the more vitamin and mineral the horses need.
As an example, vitamin B1 (such as Riboflavin, Folacine and Thiamine) are used during the menstrual cycles of energetic output and would therefore be used in the work of the equine at a higher level than in the foster equine. Exercising the skeleton through intensive movement during a session can slightly raise the need for important mineral nutrients for skeletal health such as Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Cu and Zink.
Unfortunately, in some of the vital nutrients and trace elements needed for optimum yield, alone low in hey and cereals. Specifically developed formulations for the competitive rider take this into account and the producers often strengthen the products to improve the horse's ability to perform. Essentially, you get what you are paying for; if the feed is inexpensive, it is probably not very well enriched, as enriching food with added amines and mineral nutrients is often the most costly part of a blend.
Aged horses take a tribute from parts of the horse's bodies that are wearing away. Anyone can see older horses getting stiff with increasing years. One thing riders can't see is the type of dyspepsia. This results in a gut that slowly looses its capacity to take up nutrition from the feed.
When there is a molar issue, the horses lose the capacity to bite well. Insufficient fodder masturation leads to large dietary particulates that are not sufficiently degraded to allow indigestive and microbial bacteria to efficiently ingest the fodder, thereby reducing fodder efficacy. Due to the worsening of the mucous membrane of the intestine and the associated reduction in the nutrient supply, particular consideration should be given when designing the nutrition of the older horses.
Horses' digestive capacity of proteins diminishes with time. Gastric acids that help in digesting proteins are produced less, resulting in a reduction in digestability. Older horses should be fed a higher proteinaceous nutrition so that they have a better opportunity to take in a sufficient amount.
This is why seniors' food usually contains about 14% egg white. A lot of older horses keep their weights better when standing on cool, verdant willow. After all, the weed bites more softly and is more easily chewable than dry fodder. Willow is also more energy-intensive than dry fodder. The alfalfa in the shape of dice or granules is also a good fibre resource for geriatric medicine and can be chewed more easily by steeping in cold or cold running tapas.
Since dietary fibres are so important for the horse's nutrition and the equine body is not able to obtain enough from traditional fibre resources, other fibre alternatives are suitable. Alternate fibre resources such as turnip chips and soya shells are easy to digest and are readily masticated by horses with tooth decay.
Because of their high indigestibility, they can give a horses as much power as oat, but also keep the cecium' dietary fibre of the bacteria in balance. Much of the nutrition in geriatrics can be substituted by dietary fibre alternatives. Dietary needs of a horseman vary considerably throughout his or her lifetime.
There is no need for the concept of "one concentrated product for the whole farm", as the riders gain a better grasp of horse nutrition for optimal horse performances and good horse condition.